Portable Sensory Bins

Portable Sensory bin

 

This is a travel size version of the Sensory Tub we did a few weeks ago. We are going to Yellowstone National Park this week on vacation and I saw this idea on Famiglia&Seoul and thought it was nothing short of brilliant! When we are having some downtime and Isabella starts getting antsy, I can whip out this portable activity.

For this activity you will need
-Diaper wipe container
-Plastic sandwich bag
-Sensory tub base (I used the rice that I had kept)
-Little measuring tools for scooping, pouring
-Toys that you want to add

This activity
-Promotes learning through all 5 senses
-Builds fine motor skills by grabbing, scooping, pouring
-Teaches concepts such as cause and effect
-Teaches colors, shapes, size, and texture

Fill up a sandwich sized bag with your rice (or whatever else you want to use)

Then add your measuring and pouring tools

Add the toys

Viola! You have a quick and easy portable sensory activity! 

What activities do you use when you are out and about or traveling?

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    Posted: July 28, 2004For a world such a relatively small distance from Earth, Mercury remains a big mystery. The planet is hardto study: Its average distance from the Sun is just 58 million kilometers (36 million miles), or about two-thirdscloser than Earth’s orbit. Mercury is visible from Earth only for several weeks a year, just after sunsetor before sunrise, and astronomers have trouble observing it with ground telescopes through the sunlitturbulence of our atmosphere. Even the Hubble Space Telescope cannot view it because stray sunlight coulddamage its sensitive electronics. As such, many aspects of what we think we know are enigmas, perhapsunique in the solar system. Artist’s impression of the MESSENGER spacecraft in orbit at Mercury. Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of WashingtonThermal and dynamical obstacles challenge any spacecraft bound for Mercury, since it resides deep in theSun’s gravitational well. So far only NASA’s Mariner 10 has visited the planet, flying past it three times in1974-75 but seeing the same sunlit side on each pass. And Mariner 10 was unable to conduct the sort ofglobal reconnaissance scientists now know is needed to put any planet into context.We know less about Mercury than any of the other planets except Pluto – but what information we do haveshows this extreme, odd member of the inner planet family has an incredible, fascinating story to tell. As thefirst rock from the Sun it has the shortest year and endures more solar radiation than any planet. It is thesmallest and densest of the four rocky (or terrestrial) planets – which also include Venus, Earth and Mars- and its battered surface is perhaps one of the oldest in the solar system. It experiences the largest dailyrange in temperatures; at its hottest (about 450 degrees Celsius, or 840 degrees Fahrenheit) the surfacetemperature would melt lead, and during its long nights the cold (dipping toward -212 Celsius, or -350Fahrenheit) could turn oxygen from a gas to liquid.The MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) mission is designed toexamine the planet in detail, conducting an in-depth global investigation organized around six key sciencequestions. The answers not only will provide information specifically about Mercury, but offer a clearer,general picture of the origins and comparative evolution of all the terrestrial planets – and perhaps hint atwhat to look for in planetary systems beyond our own.Learning how Mercury ended up the densest planet (after correcting for internal pressure) will tell us muchabout how planets form near their parent star. Discovering how Mercury has sustained a magnetic fieldwhile larger bodies either lost theirs (as Mars did) or show no sign of ever having one (like Venus) will helpus understand how our own planet generates its protective magnetic field. Documenting the nature ofMercury’s thin, tenuous atmosphere and the composition of mysterious radar-reflecting deposits near its poles- thought by many scientists to be water ice – will provide new insight into the volatile materials that exist onand around the inner planets.Key Science QuestionsQuestion 1: Why is Mercury so dense?Mercury’s enormous iron core distinguishes it from every other planet in our solar system. Each terrestrialplanet has a dense, iron-rich core covered by a rocky mantle, but Mercury’s core takes up more than 60percent of its total mass – twice as much as Earth’s. Why is this so? Is it related to Mercury’s proximity to theSun?The planet’s iron heart makes it incredibly dense, which results in a surface gravity about the same asMars – a considerably larger planet. Scientists have several theories that could explain the reason forthe large core. One is that as the planets formed from the disk-shaped cloud of gas and dust known asthe solar nebula, dense particles (such as metallic iron) condensed and were preferentially retained inthe innermost regions near the Sun, forming Mercury. Another possible explanation is that tremendousheat from the Sun vaporized part of the outer rock layer on a young Mercury, leaving it a metal-richcinder. Yet a third idea is that a giant object – perhaps an asteroid – slammed into Mercury soon after itformed, blasting away much of its early crust and upper mantle.Finding the answer: The evidence for solving the mystery of Mercury’s density lies in its crustalsilicate chemistry, and the amounts of certain elements (particularly iron, sodium, calcium and titanium)on the surface will tell much about the planet’s evolution. Without geochemical remote-sensingtools, Mariner 10 could not provide any information on the chemical makeup of Mercury’s surface.MESSENGER’s spectrometers will examine the composition of the rocks on the surface and determinewhich minerals and elements are present – and which are conspicuously absent. This approach hasbeen profoundly effective for the Moon and Mars.Question 2: What is Mercury’s geologic history?Mercury has several mysterious landscape features that beg explanation, such as the relatively “young”plains seen as smooth deposits between surfaces that contain the planet’s oldest craters. Manyscientists believe flowing lava created the plains, but no one knows for sure.Over time, bombardment from stray comets and asteroids changed Mercury’s surface. Withoutencountering a significant atmosphere to burn up incoming debris, many objects slammed into theplanet to form large and small impact craters. The largest impacts, like the one that formed the TexassizedCaloris Basin, appear to have transformed entire regions of Mercury’s surface, similar to ones onthe Moon. The ramparts of Caloris span 1,300 kilometers (about 800 miles) and the tallest mountainsclimb past 3 kilometers (nearly 2 miles). Theory holds that shock waves from the Caloris impact createdthe area of chaotic terrain on the opposite side of the planet.Other mysteries include hundreds of superimposed scarps – curving cliffs, typically hundreds of metershigh and tens to hundreds of kilometers long. When did they form and in what sequence? It is possiblethese scarps formed as Mercury’s interior cooled, causing the whole planet to shrink and its crust tocontract. How much contraction, in turn, caused Mercury’s crust to buckle and scarps to form? Similarfeatures form here on Earth as lava flows cool and shrink.Finding the answer: MESSENGER will shed unprecedented light on the forces that shaped Mercury’ssurface. Its X-ray, gamma-ray, and visible-infrared spectrometers will measure the major elementsand minerals in Mercury’s surface rocks. The camera will photograph all of the planet, including the 55percent that Mariner 10 missed – and at much higher resolution than Mariner 10’s images. Nearly all ofMercury will be imaged in stereo to determine topographic variations and landforms across the globe.The laser altimeter will precisely measure the topography of surface features, and these data, whencompared with gravity field measurements gathered by tracking MESSENGER’s subtle movements inorbit, will help determine the thickness and structure of Mercury’s crust.Question 3: What is the structure of Mercury’s core?The biggest surprise from the Mariner 10 flybys was that Mercury has a global magnetic field, making itthe only terrestrial (rocky) planet besides Earth to have one. Mercury’s magnetic field is weak – about100 times weaker than Earth’s at the surface – but that it exists at all raises interesting questions aboutactivity deep inside the planet.Earth’s magnetic field is generated by the swirling motions of molten liquid in our planet’s outer core. ButMercury is so much smaller than Earth – 4,878 kilometers in diameter vs. Earth’s 12,714 kilometers (3,031miles vs. 7,900 miles) – that its core should have cooled and solidified long ago. Its many long scarps suggestthat the planet has contracted and the core has cooled, so how could Mercury’s now stagnant core generate amagnetic field? One potential answer is that the observed magnetic field is a fossil remaining from Mercury’searliest years; perhaps rocks were magnetized long ago when there was a magnetic field, and Mariner 10’smagnetometer simply recorded leftover magnetization from the rocks. Another is that the core is indeed stillliquid and actively generating the field.Finding the answer: For insight into Mercury’s insides, MESSENGER’s laser altimeter will measure theplanet’s libration – the small amount it “wobbles” as it spins on its axis. By combining this measurement withwhat we learn about Mercury’s gravity from radio science experiments, scientists will be able to deduce thesize of the planet’s core and how much of it is liquid or solid. The magnetometer should also be able to tell ifthe magnetic field stems from activity inside the planet, or from magnetic areas of the surface.Question 4: What is the nature of Mercury’s magnetic field?The solar wind – the ever-expanding atmosphere of the Sun – forces constant change in Earth’s magneticfield. We see the effects of these changes in the form of the aurora, electrical power blackouts, and TV andradio interference. Mariner 10 found that where the solar wind interacted with Mercury, the particles changedin a way that suggested the effects of an internal magnetic field. A better understanding of an internalmagnetic field smaller, weaker and much closer to the Sun than Earth’s will teach us more about our ownmagnetosphere – this is comparative planetology at its best.Earth has a dipolar magnetic field, shaped like a bar magnet’s field, with positively and negatively chargedpoles. Mercury’s field also appears to be dipolar. In contrast, the Moon and Mars lack a global dipolar magneticfield, but have local magnetic fields centered on different spots that are relicts. It’s not clear how much ofMercury’s field comes from smaller local fields (like on Mars or the Moon), and how much is indeed global,produced deep within the planet.Finding the answer: MESSENGER’s magnetometer will examine Mercury’s magnetic field over four Mercuryyears (each 88 Earth days) to determine its strength and how it varies with position, altitude and time. Themagnetometer and energetic particle and plasma spectrometer will also sense the magnetic field’s responsesto solar activity, and help separate the internal from externally induced components of the field.Question 5: What are the unusual materials at Mercury’s poles?In the early 1990s, scientists using radar (i.e., microwaves) to observe Mercury noticed that something insidecraters near its poles was strongly reflecting the radar pulses. To most experts the materials looked a lot likewhat would be expected from molecules such as water ice.At first, it seems ludicrous to even think about water ice on a planet where “daytime” temperatures near theequator can soar to 450 degrees Celsius (840 degrees Fahrenheit). But since the planet does not tilt – its spinaxis is nearly perpendicular to its equator – sunlight does not reach the floors and walls of polar craters, andtemperatures inside these craters stay perpetually cold. Could water molecules from comets and meteoriteshave become trapped in the shadowy corners of these cold craters, frozen and accumulated over billions ofyears? Or, could water vapor have seeped out from inside the planet and frozen out near the poles? Suchice deposits could be insulated by thin layers of dust and other material ejected by impacts, but still visibleto the penetrating waves of radar. Some scientists think the material isn’t water ice but something else, suchas sulfur, derived from minerals in the surface rocks. This enigma is an important topic in the comparativeplanetology of the Moon, Mercury and Mars.Finding the answer: It will be a challenge to figure out what the deposits are, because they will beinvisible to many of MESSENGER’s instruments. The very shadows that preserve the ice deposits so closeto the solar inferno keep them from being illuminated by the Sun. MESSENGER’s gamma-ray and neutronspectrometers – designed to pinpoint key elements on Mercury’s surface – will aim toward these polarcraters and may be able to sense if they are lined with water ice or other materials. Looking in the samedirection, the ultraviolet and energetic particle spectrometers could also detect hydroxyl (OH) or sulfuremissions from the deposits.Question 6: What volatiles are important at Mercury?Mercury is surrounded by an extremely thin layer of gas – so thin that, unlike in the atmospheres of Venus,Earth and Mars, the molecules surrounding Mercury don’t collide with each other. Instead, they bouncefrom place to place on the surface, almost like rubber balls. (Such an atmosphere is also referred to as an”exosphere.”)We know of six elements in Mercury’s atmosphere: hydrogen, helium, oxygen, sodium, potassium andcalcium. These elements are relatively abundant and are particularly easy to detect with Earth-basedtelescopes. 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Geochemistry, led by Dr. William Boynton, University ofArizona, will interpret measurements of Mercury’s surface composition. Geophysics, chaired by Dr. MariaZuber, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will cover the altimetry and gravity measurements. TheAtmosphere and Magnetosphere group, led by Dr. Stamatios Krimigis, the Johns Hopkins UniversityApplied Physics Laboratory, will analyze data on Mercury’s magnetic field, atmosphere, and energetic particleand thermal plasma characteristics.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. 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File photo of payload being mated to Delta 4. Credit: ULATwin Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program satellites, or GSSAP, will be launched into orbit on July 23 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.”This previously classified program will deliver two satellites..for launch into near geosynchronous orbit,” said Douglas Loverro, deputy assistant secretary of defense for space policy, at the Department of Defense.”Our decision to declassify this program was simple. We need to monitor what happens 22,000 miles above the Earth, and we want to make sure that everyone knows we can do so. We believe that such efforts add immeasurably to both the safety of space flight and the stability that derives from the ability to attribute actions — to the benefit of all space-faring nations and all who rely on space-based services.”Built by Orbital Sciences, one craft will fly just below and the other just above the geosynchronous satellite belt. That’s where spacecraft orbit 22,300 miles in altitude and match the Earth’s rotation to appear parked over one spot of the globe — such as communications, weather, missile warning and eavesdropping reconnaissance platforms.”The electro-optical payload on GSSAP gives us very close-up neighborhood watch capability that helps prevent surprise, and that protects our assets in GEO,” said Gen. William Shelton, head of Air Force Space Command.In preparation for the launch, the payload, already encapsulated in the 39-foot-long, 13-foot-diameter nose cone was delivered to Complex 37 this morning for hoisting into the pad gantry and attachment to the Delta 4’s upper stage.The move occurred following a successful countdown dress rehearsal and rocket fueling exercise on Tuesday.Liftoff on July 23 is slated to occur some time between 6 and 10 p.m. EDT (2200-0200 GMT). The exact launch time has not been announced.The launch will be the 368th for a Delta rocket, the 27th Delta 4 and the 12th to fly in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with a pair of strap-on solid motors.For United Launch Alliance, it is the company’s 33rd flight for the Air Force, the 85th launch overall since 2006 and the 8th just this year.About the authorJustin Ray has been a reporter with Spaceflight Now since the website’s inception in November 1999. The online news service, based at Cape Canaveral, has documented U.S. and international space news with a specialty of live launch coverage.Prior to that, Justin worked for two years as an aerospace reporter at the Florida Today newspaper and its pioneering Space Online website. He began his career as an intern at Patrick Air Force Base’s public affairs office in 1996 and wrote for the Missileer base newspaper.The Ohio native has covered 134 Delta rocket launches, 94 Atlas flights, 65 space shuttle missions and construction of the International Space Station, plus scientific spacecraft such as the Mars rovers and Cassini. He attended college at the University of Central Florida and now resides in Viera, Florida.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Phoenix launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

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    Later Thursday, Amazon’s website said the e-book and other versions of The Silkworm were available. But the estimated shipping time for the hardcover was two to four weeks, On Friday, Amazon changed the estimated shipping time to one to two days.

  21. says

    Credit: ISROPhotos of successful Indian rocket launchSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: June 30, 2014 A commercial imaging satellite blasted off on top of an Indian rocket Monday, reaching orbit a few minutes later to punctuate the deployment of a fleet of French spacecraft designed to monitor Earth with regularity and precision.Carrying a sharp-eyed camera able to resolve objects on the ground as small as cars, the Spot 7 satellite joins an identical craft launched in 2012 to collect daily imagery of any point on the globe.The spacecraft lifted off on top of a 14-story Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle at 0422 GMT (12:22 a.m. EDT) from the Satish Dhawan Space Center on India’s east coast. The four-stage rocket released the 1,574-pound satellite in orbit less than 18 minutes later.Four small co-passengers deployed from the PSLV’s fourth stage moments later, beginning experimental missions for organizations in Germany, Canada and Singapore.The Indian Space Research Organization declared the launch a success.Read our for details on the mission.

  22. says

    The Guardian released a video on Sunday, saying the purported leaker had never intended on hiding behind anonymity and asked for the interview to be published.

  23. says

    The Spurs followed the possession with a turnover and the Heat responded with a missed three-pointer by Battier and Tim Duncan hit an easy lay-up to get back within two points of the Heat, 77-75 with 8:34 to go in the final game of the season.

  24. says

    But can anyone watching Meggs’ news conference feel good about what they saw, laughs and all? Can anyone be certain that Winston did no wrong? Or wasn’t it more like this: There just was not enough evidence to win the case for the state attorney’s office?

  25. says

    Appalti pubblici, Gaetano Pecorella afferma di non vedere personalit?in grado di guidare il paese.Croci splendide finemente intagliate e dipinte con colori squillanti e gioiosi Il legno di ogni croce santificato dalla mano dell

  26. says

    Last week, the U.S. State Department called on the Chinese government to fully account for those killed, detained or missing in the 1989 crackdown and to end the ongoing harassment of human rights activists and their families.

  27. says

    “While the HSSL process lasted only nine months, it was from start to finish a brazen fraud by the defendants, driven by a hunger for profits and oblivious to the harms thereby visited, not just on the immediate victims but also on the financial system as a whole,” Rakoff wrote in a 19-page decision.

  28. says

    Per caso Gli amici mi hanno iscritto per scherzo a un concorso letterario per esordienti al Gambrinus il famoso caff?storico di Napoli Si doveva scrivere un racconto giallo Guardavo fuori dalla finestra Pass?una bimba che gli altri concorrenti non videro Inventai un personaggio che vedeva qualcosa che altri non vedevano vedeva la morte Gli anni Trenta li ho scelti perch?il Gambrinus ha un’ambientazione Liberty Consegnai il racconto per primo E vinsi il concorso. En 2007. Ieri ha partecipato a un evento di aiuto per la popolazione in Ohio (lo swing state cruciale), C

  29. says

    While Roberti would still not reveal details of his inquiry, he is believed to be investigating up to 70 people, including about 20 athletes, plus doctors, physical trainers and massage therapists.

  30. says

    “If someone’s head is repeatedly slammed against against concrete with great force I would expect lacerations, a lot of injuries that would bleed profusely that would necessitate suturing, so I don’t see that in this picture,” Rao said.

  31. says

    Students who are currently attending an accredited college and have achieved junior status are eligible. Students majoring in journalism, broadcasting or communications are preferred; other majors will be considered. Participants must have good computer skills, excellent written and verbal communication abilities and knowledge of current events. A 3.0 GPA or above is recommended. Students must be able to meet the minimum time commitment. This is an unpaid internship. Student must get credit.

  32. says

    per le presunteirregolarit?compiute nelle inchieste Poseidone e Why Not. il obtient la libert?conditionnelle. avec François vous aller vous parler, Ha ricoperto solo ruoli di logistica e nell’amministrazione. Meglio tardi che mai “Serve pi?attenzione alle politiche di sostegno dell

  33. says

    It will also feature black-and-white illustrations from street artists including Art Mobb (aka Michael Farhat), Califawnia (aka Fawn Arthur), Captain Kris (aka Kristian Douglas), Morf (aka Jack Fish), Queen Andrea (aka Andrea von Bujdoss), MAST and Mike P.

  34. says

    Over time, the Obama administration changed its characterization of the attacks, calling it a planned terrorist assault – fueling Republican charges of a political cover-up.

  35. says

    spartana e trasgressiva fra cui il pi?dinamico sembra la Cina,tipi di cancro.?Jude Law deputata Pd e attivista dei movimenti Lgbt.623 e una crescita del 6% tra gennaio-giugno 2011- 2012) prediligendo il comparto della ristorazione e dell

  36. says

    “She was so beautiful with that dead black hair, those amazing eyebrows, the violet and gray and green eyes, and the wonderful mouth. It was such a definite look,” Meredith Etherington-Smith, fashion curator at Christie’s in New York, said. “She couldn’t have — no one else could be like that.”

  37. says

    Until that day, I will wait and watch with the rest of America.Melissa Etheridge is a two-time Grammy winner, a multi-platinum recording artist, and a mom. But in , she added a title that might mean more to her than any other: breast cancer survivor.

  38. says

    Snowden, a 29-year-old former intelligence contractor, has identified himself as the person who leaked details of a secret National Security Agency surveillance program to two newspapers.

  39. says

    The two U.S. officials said the CIA station chief in Libya compiled intelligence reports from eyewitnesses within 24 hours of the assault on the consulate that indicated militants launched the violence, using the pretext of demonstrations against U.S. facilities in Egypt against the film to cover their intent. The report from the station chief was written late Wednesday, Sept. 12, and reached intelligence agencies in Washington the next day, intelligence officials said.

  40. says

    Dr. Vincenzo Maniaci, a pediatric emergency medicine doctor at Miami Children’s Hospital who was not involved in the study, suggested to that caregivers of young children should put medications in higher, hard to get to places or lock them up. Placing medications on counter tops or in purses where curious hands could easily get a hold of them is very dangerous.

  41. says

    Sunday’s protests on the first anniversary of Morsi’s inauguration were the largest seen in the country in the 2? years of turmoil since Egyptians first rose up against Mubarak in January 2011.

  42. says

    EXPERIENCE: Ferguson was commissioned from the NROTC program after completion of a 5-year cooperative education curriculum at Drexel University. He was temporarily assigned to the Naval Test Pilot School at Naval Air Station (NAS) Patuxent River, Maryland prior to commencing flight school in Pensacola, Florida in November 1984. Following flight training in Florida and Texas, he received his Navy wings and was ordered to the F-14 replacement training squadron in Virginia Beach, Virginia, where, after a nine month period of instruction, he joined the ‘Red Rippers’ of VF-11. With VF-11 he made deployments to the North Atlantic, Mediterranean and Indian Ocean on board the USS Forrestal (CV-59). While with VF-11 he also attended the Navy Fighter Weapon School (TOPGUN). He was selected for the Naval Postgraduate/Test Pilot School program in 1989 and graduated with class 101. From July 1992 through June 1994 he was assigned to the Ordnance Branch of the Strike Aircraft Test Directorate at NAS Patuxent River. There he served as the project officer for the F-14D weapon separation program where he became the first to release numerous air-to-ground stores from both the A and D model of the Tomcat. In July 1994, he was chosen to instruct at the Naval Test Pilot School which he did so until July 1995. After a brief retraining period he joined the Checkmates’ of VF-211 where he completed a deployment to the Western Pacific/Persian Gulf aboard the Nimitz (CVN-68) in support Operation Southern Watch and contingency operations off the coast of Taiwan. He briefly served as the F-14 Class Desk Officer for the Commander Naval Air Force, Atlantic Fleet prior to his selection to the space program.

  43. says

    Repubblica stampa un retroscena di Claudio Tito intitolato ? Blake Lively na eu aucun mal à se faire une place dans le milieu. prima come Alleanza nazionale e poi come ala destra del PdL, en 1998).Ti porter?per sempre nel mio cuore applaudono dalemiani e centristi franceschiniani; i veltroniani ironizzano un po?ma non affondano. La missiva reca la data del 6 giugno ’44, come si legge nella lettera inviata dall’amministrazione di Santa Margherita al Mef. la vetrina del pi?alto artigianato made in Italy, Le camp de Britney Spears réfute ses accusations.

  44. says

    A new federal rule regarding the tax treatment of mortgage debt forgiveness may soon change, requiring homeowners who qualify for principal reduction under the government’s Home Affordable Modification Program, or HAMP, to wind up footing a huge and, in many cases, unaffordable tax bill. But there is a way to avoid paying these taxes.

  45. says

    Significantly, Sobhi made his comments in the United Arab Emirates, whose government accuses Egypt’s Brotherhood of meddling in its affairs and has arrested 11 Egyptian expatriates there for their membership of the group.

  46. says

    As usual, you make no sense. 7lucky_seven- replies: Then, if she is intent on killing her child, she will do as all murderers do and face the consequences afterward. trout-fish replies: So you admit she would be FORCED to have the baby, or be jailed for murder. trout-fish replies: poor smoked

  47. says

    Bulger — a supposed FBI informant between 1975 and 1990 — lived as a fugitive for over 16 years. He began living life on the run after his FBI handler John Connelly tipped him off that authorities were preparing to arrest him and was caught in 2011 along with his longtime girlfriend Catherine Greig.

  48. says

    Cannon’s previously announced children’s book, Roc and Roe’s Twelve Days of Christmas, will hit bookshelves in November, also from Scholastic.A best-selling children’s picture book about a box of rebellious crayons is headed for Hollywood.

  49. says

    The outcry over the deaths may push Egypt’s military rulers to address some Coptic grievances. The Cabinet has already announced it would issue a new law regulating houses of worship in two weeks, and that the law would criminalize religious discrimination.

  50. says

    President Obama (from archival footage): For those who are in uniform who’ve experienced sexual assault: I want them to hear directly from their commander-in-chief that I’ve got their backs, I will support them, and we’re not going to tolerate this stuff, and there will be accountability. If people have engaged in this behavior, they should be prosecuted.

  51. says

    STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: March 6, 2009Lighting up the night sky, a Delta 2 rocket roared to life and vaulted away from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station late today, boosting a powerful space telescope into orbit around the sun for a $591 million mission to search for Earth-like planets orbiting distant stars. Credit: Carleton Bailie for United Launch Alliance”I think people everywhere want to know whether, with all the stars out there, do they have planets that are Earth-sized?” said principal investigator William Borucki of NASA’s Ames Research Center. “Are Earths frequent or are they rare? And this gives us that answer. It’s the next step in mankind’s exploration of the galaxy.”The Kepler spacecraft’s three-and-a-half-year mission began on time at 10:49:57 p.m. with a crackling roar and a torrent of fire that briefly turned night into day along Florida’s space coast. Putting on a spectacular weekend sky show, the United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket quickly climbed from its sea-side launch pad and arced away to the east over the Atlantic Ocean as it streaked toward space.Just over one minute after launch, six solid-fuel strap-on boosters that were ignited at liftoff to assist the Delta’s first-stage engine burned out and fell away while a final set of three ignited for another one-minute burn. The first-stage engine shut down as planned four-and-a-half minutes after launch and the ascent continued on the power of the Delta’s compact second stage.Two second-stage burns were required before Kepler and its solid-fuel third stage motor were released for a final one-and-a-half-minute firing to boost the craft out of Earth orbit. Spacecraft separation came on time at 11:52 p.m. At that point, Kepler was moving out at a blistering 6.2 miles per second.This was the 339th Delta rocket launched since 1960, the 141st upgraded Delta 2, and the 86th successful Delta 2 launch in a row dating back to January 1997. The Delta 2 record now stands at 139 successful missions against just two failures.”And now we have plenty of handshakes going on here in the mission director’s center because we have confirmation of spacecraft separation,” said NASA launch commentator George Diller. “It did occur on time at 61 minutes 49 seconds. … So at this point, the Kepler team now really gets to work.”Engineers will spend about two months checking out and calibrating Kepler’s complex systems before the mission begins in earnest.Trailing the Earth in its orbit around the sun, Kepler will aim a 95-megapixel camera on a patch of sky the size of an out-stretched hand that contains more than 4.5 million detectable stars. Of that total, the science team has picked some 300,000 that are of the right age, composition and brightness to host Earth-like planets. Over the life of the mission, more than 100,000 of those will be actively monitored by Kepler.The spacecraft’s camera will not take pictures like other space telescopes. Instead, it will act as a photometer, continually monitoring the brightness of candidate stars in its wide field of view and the slight dimming that will result if planets happen to pass in front.By studying subtle changes in brightness from such planetary transits – comparable to watching a flea creep across a car’s headlight at night – and the timing of repeated cycles, scientists can ferret out potential Earth-like worlds in habitable-zone orbits.The probability of finding sun-like stars with Earth-like planets in orbits similar to ours – and aligned so that Kepler can “see” them – is about one-half of 1 percent. Given the sample size, however, that still leaves hundreds of potential discoveries.But it will take three-and-a-half years of around-the-clock observations to capture the repeated cycles needed to confirm detection of an Earth-like world in an Earth-like orbit.”There’s a lot of desire in the science community to understand extra-terrestrial planets, not just find them,” said Ed Weiler, NASA’s associate administrator for space science. “We’ve already found 300 or so, mostly from the ground. But now we’re entering the stage of going beyond just proving that they exist. It’s how many are out there, and perhaps the most important question of all, are there any Earth’s out there?”So far, even though we’ve discovered (more than) 300 planets, we haven’t discovered any that are the size of the Earth in the so-called habitable zone, that is, a planet close enough to the star where it’s warm enough for water to be liquid, not frozen, or not too close to the sun where it would boil off. So Kepler is going to be the first mission that starts to answer that question, are there any Earth’s out there?”Named in honor of Johannes Kepler, the 17th century German astronomer who formulated the laws of planetary motion, NASA’s newest science satellite weighs 2,320 pounds and measures 15.3 feet from top to bottom. It is equipped with four solar panels capable of generating 1,100 watts of power, a radiation-hardened PowerPC flight computer and a Ka-band communications link to relay science data back to Earth. The spacecraft was built by Ball Aerospace of Boulder, Colo.Kepler will pass the moon’s orbit in just two days as it heads into a 371-day orbit around the sun, separating slowly from Earth. It will aim itself at a patch of sky near the left wing of Cygnus the Swan, midway between the stars Deneb and Vega.And then, Kepler will simply stare at the same stars for three-and-a-half years.”An Earth-like planet passing in front of a sun-like star is going to cause the brightness of that star to dim by only 1 part per 10,000,” said Natalie Batalha, a Kepler co-investigator at San Jose State University. “That’s like looking at a headlight from a great distance and trying to sense the brightness change when a flea crawls across the surface. But the Kepler instrument is designed to detect such small changes in brightness.”Kepler is capable of detecting Earth-like planets around stars ranging from 600 to 3,000 light years away.The science team is particularly interested in planets that may orbit within a star’s habitable zone, the region around a star where water on a planet can exist as a liquid. Habitable zones vary in location depending on a star’s size and brilliance. By timing changes in a star’s light as a transit occurs, scientists can figure out the size of a presumed planet’s orbit and thus whether it falls in that star’s habitable zone.”The habitable zone is where we think water will be,” Borucki said. “If you can find liquid water on the surface, we think we may very well find life there. So that zone is not too close to the star, because it’s too hot and the water boils. Not too far away where the water’s condensed and ice-covered, a planet covered with glaciers. It’s the goldilocks zone, not too hot, not too cold, just right for life.”Weiler said Kepler is a pathfinder of sorts for more sophisticated missions that may one day study the atmospheres of Earth-like planets to look for signs of biological – or even industrial – activity.”A lot of scientists out there would like to immediately go out and build very large telescopes, not just to find Earth-like planets but to study their atmospheres, to search for clues that there might be life on those planets,” Weiler said. “The trouble is, most of these proposals start at about $5 billion and work upwards from there.”Before we actually take the next step, looking for signs of life on Earth-like planets, we’ve got to be sure there are at least a few Earth-like planets out there. And that’s why Kepler is so important. It’s a rather small mission, a moderate mission, around ($600 million), and it’s really a pathfinder for future large space telescopes that will go after the question that we all have, are we alone in the universe?”Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:THE FULL LAUNCH EXPERIENCE VIDEO:DELTA 2 ROCKET LIFTS OFF WITH KEPLER VIDEO:KEPLER SUCCESSFULLY SEPARATES FROM ROCKET VIDEO:UPDATE FROM THE NASA LAUNCH MANAGER VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: KSC TRACKER VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: UCS 23 TRACKER VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: TOWER CAMERA VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PATRICK AFB VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PAD CAMERA VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PRESS SITE 1 VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: TRIDENT BLUFF LOCATION VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: SECOND VIEW FROM BLUFF VIDEO:AN INTERVIEW WITH NASA’S SCIENCE CHIEF VIDEO:LAUNCH PAD’S SERVICE TOWER ROLLED BACK VIDEO:HIGHLIGHTS OF KEPLER LAUNCH CAMPAIGN VIDEO:HIGHLIGHTS OF THE DELTA 2’S LAUNCH CAMPAIGN VIDEO:THURSDAY’S PRE-LAUNCH NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:SCIENTISTS PREVIEW THE KEPLER MISSION VIDEO:KEPLER PRE-FLIGHT OVERVIEW BRIEFING VIDEO:SPACECRAFT MOUNTED ATOP ROCKET AT PAD 17B VIDEO:LEAVING ASTROTECH FOR TRIP TO LAUNCH PAD VIDEO:CANISTER PUT AROUND KEPLER FOR PAD MOVE VIDEO:SOLID-FUEL THIRD STAGE ATTACHED TO KEPLER VIDEO:BEAUTY SHOTS OF OBSERVATORY IN CLEANROOM VIDEO:SPACECRAFT UNPACKED AT ASTROTECH FACILITY VIDEO:KEPLER ARRIVES ON FLORIDA’S SPACE COAST VIDEO:DELTA ROCKET’S SECOND STAGE ERECTED STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Lander targets Mars’ water BY STEPHEN CLARKSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: August 5, 2007When NASA’s Phoenix lander arrives at Mars next May, it will join a flotilla of spacecraft already at the red planet working as a team of robotic scientists to probe the existence of water.Two NASA orbiters and a European craft are currently circling Mars. NASA’stwo Mars rovers are also operating in their fourth year since landing inJanuary 2004. All of the missions are working to map the planet and assistin the search for past or present water.”The Mars program is constructed of interrelated orbiters and landers,”said Doug McCuistion, NASA’s Mars exploration program director. “We doreconnaissance from orbit, followed up with ground truth and greaterunderstanding from systems actually on the surface.”Phoenix blasted off from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 5:26 a.m.EDT Saturday, but it will take 10 months for the craft to traverse thesolar system to reach Mars. The 772-pound lander will streak into theMartian atmosphere and fire braking rockets to gently touch down on asweeping plain near the planet’s north pole. Landing is scheduled for May25, 2008.The landing site was chosen because it is believed to harbor water icenear the surface, and an eight-foot robot arm will dig up to 20 inchesinto the soil to snag ice deposits. The soil will be put into a miniaturelaboratory inside Phoenix to analyze its composition.NASA’s Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter probes played a keyrole in selecting the Phoenix landing site. Instruments on thosespacecraft provided high resolution imagery and estimates of ice depth forpotential Phoenix touchdown points.”I am a very strong proponent of using orbiters to find the mostinteresting places to send the rovers and landers,” said Phil Christensen,lead scientist for the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on MarsOdyssey.The Odyssey sensor, called THEMIS, can detect changes in surfacetemperature in the infrared wavelength. Scientists can draw conclusionsfrom the temperature changes to determine the presence of ice and largerocks.”Surfaces with deep ice cool off through the late summer and falldifferently than those that have a buried ice layer,” Christensen said.The Gamma Ray Spectrometer, another instrument aboard Mars Odyssey, hasalso detected plentiful water ice in the subsurface of the planet’s polarregions.”From an historical point of view, what Phoenix does is it’s the firstreal response to a significant to a significant scientific discovery.Odyssey found the water and said there is a significant amount of waterright there,” said Barry Goldstein, the Phoenix project manager at NASA’sJet Propulsion Laboratory.Powerful radars on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and Europe’s Mars Expresshave also found reservoirs of frozen water deeper underground.The initial survey of the Martian polar regions for Phoenix yielded amultitude of possible landing sites. Scientists thought they had chosen afront-runner in mid-2006, but detailed images from the newly arrived MarsReconnaissance Orbiter showed the area was littered with boulders thatcould pose serious danger to Phoenix.The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment, or HiRISE, is the mostcapable camera ever deployed into the solar system. The instrument canresolve objects as small as one meter.HiRISE arrived aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in March 2006, andimagery from the camera caused scientists to consider alternate landingsites.”HiRISE images were used to certify the initial landing site, which wasrejected based on the boulder abundances,” said Alfred McEwen, theinstrument’s principal investigator.Phoenix must land at a site with no rocks larger than 14 to 18 inches,according to mission officials.When HiRISE determined the primary landing site was unsafe, THEMIS datawas used to search for other favorable regions. The instrument can detectlarge rocks during nighttime passes because they retain heat, whichincreases temperature returns in the infrared wavelength, Christensensaid.”The advantage of THEMIS was that we had complete coverage of the entirenorthern plains, whereas HiRISE could only image a very small fraction ofthe plains. What we did was to find the coldest regions in the THEMIStemperature maps, and then verify that these indeed have very few rocksusing HiRISE,” Christensen said.After extensive analysis, the Phoenix science team selected a new landingsite with fewer hazardous rocks. The preferred region lies in a largeshallow valley 30 miles wide and about 800 feet deep.The location lies at about the same latitude as central Greenland ornorthern Alaska on Earth, according to scientists.Data from THEMIS also confirmed the new region has water ice within two tosix inches of the surface.”All areas at these high latitudes probably have shallow ice, so the mainconsideration was landing safety,” McEwen said.Mars orbiters will continue to guide scientists to interesting and safelanding sites in the future. Mars Odyssey instruments helped the selectionprocess for NASA’s twin rovers in 2003, and data from Mars ReconnaissanceOrbiter will be factored into choosing a touchdown point for the agency’sMars Science Laboratory, a rover the size of a small car that will arriveat the red planet in 2010.”These examples demonstrate the incredible utility for having ?eyes’ inorbit to find landing sites,” Christensen said.Phoenix is designed to complete a mission lasting about 90 Martian days.It will land in the spring season on Mars, when the ice caps haveretreated to regions further north. But scientists expect the carbondioxide ice to eventually encroach on Phoenix as winter approaches, likelyencasing the lander in a debilitating deep freeze.Spirit and Opportunity, the two NASA rovers that found proof of vastamounts of water on ancient Mars, are still operating more than threeyears after reaching their designed lifetimes.”Our experience has been that luck is a good thing to have when you’reexploring Mars,” said Steve Squyres, chief scientist for the rovers.”One thing that three-and-a-half years on Mars has taught me is humility.I wouldn’t even begin to guess what Phoenix is going to experience.”Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:PHOENIX LAUNCHES! VIDEO:POST-FLIGHT COMMENTS FROM LAUNCH MANAGER VIDEO:WIDE-SCREEN FROM PATRICK AFB CAMERA VIDEO:TRACKER FOLLOWS ROCKET TO MECO VIDEO:LAUNCH AS SEEN FROM THE PRESS SITE VIDEO:PAD’S MOBILE GANTRY ROLLED BACK FOR LAUNCH VIDEO:NARRATED HIGHLIGHTS OF PHOENIX CAMPAIGN VIDEO:NARRATED HIGHLIGHTS OF ROCKET CAMPAIGN VIDEO:THE PRE-LAUNCH NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:OVERVIEW OF PHOENIX MISSION TO MARS VIDEO:ANIMATION OF PHOENIX WITH NARRATION John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Last-of-its-kind surveillance satellite reaches orbit BY STEPHEN CLARKSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: November 11, 2007Saturday night’s booming blastoff of the Delta 4-Heavy rocket signaled the end of a 37-year-long string of launches for the U.S. Air Force’s early warning satellite program as the military transitions to a new system that will provide better global coverage than ever before. An artist’s concept shows a DSP satellite deployed in space. Credit: Northrop GrummanThe triple-body rocket lofted the 23rd and final Defense Support Programsatellite carrying an array of infrared sensors in geosynchronous orbit todetect missile launches and nuclear activity around the world.The Air Force’s DSP fleet is being phased out in favor of the Space-BasedInfrared System, or SBIRS. The new program will include payloads ingeosynchronous and elliptical high Earth orbits.”DSP’s legacy is one of service to the nation,” said Peggy Paul, DSPprogram manager at Northrop Grumman Corp., the spacecraft’s contractor.The first launch of a Defense Support Program satellite was on Nov. 6,1970, almost precisely 37 years ago.”I like to think of DSP as really providing a blanket of security that ournational has enjoyed since the early 70s,” said Air Force Col. RogerTeague, commander of the SBIRS space group at the Space Missile SystemsCenter.The formerly classified system was later unveiled to the public, withlaunches occurring aboard Titan rockets and one space shuttle missionbefore Saturday’s spectacular Delta 4 sendoff to punctuate the program.”A lot of folks are very much tuned to this being the last DSP launch, butit also helps us look toward the future as we prepare to usher in theSBIRS constellation,” Teague said.The $400 million satellite was deployed in a circular orbit with aninclination of about four degrees. When the craft will join its counterparts already in space is classified.”We have a very healthy DSP constellation,” Teague said. “That gives usgreat confidence for the next several years that the nation will beprotected.”The latest block design of DSP spacecraft are designed to work for atleast three years, with a goal of five years of service. Officials say some of thesatellites easily surpass those marks.”They are exceeding that two-to-three times over,” said Lt. Col. JoeConiglio, Air Force DSP program director. “It is a robust system that hasbeen able to do the mission far and above what it was ever designed for.”Combined, the satellites have lived 165 years beyond their minimumexpected lifetimes, according to Paul.”That’s 30 to 50 satellites that didn’t have to be launched,” she said.”That’s a real value to the government.”Sensors aboard DSP satellites have lived an average of more than fourtimes longer than their design lives, Paul said.The DSP system, originally developed to watch for Soviet missile launchesand nuclear tests, transitioned to a new role after the end of the ColdWar. DSP satellites have met the challenge of the emergence of new playersin missile and nuclear technology, according to Teague.”That brings a new threat to the stage that we’re trying to account forand make sure that we have capabilities to guard against that,” he said.Today’s DSP satellites carry more than 6,000 infrared detectors that areconstantly on the vigil for ballistic and theater short-range missilelaunches and nuclear detonations. The satellites have proven to be aflexible asset in providing early warning of both strategic and tacticallaunches, Paul said.The fleet provided early warning of Iraqi SCUD missile launches tocivilians and coalition military forces in Saudi Arabia and Israel.”DSP has really provided that capability that allows us to live in peaceand without fear and knowing that we’ve got a system that’s alwayswatching not only our homeland but also U.S. forces and allies abroad,”Teague said.Scientists have also used DSP infrared instruments to detect volcaniceruptions and wildfires, according to the Air Force.”Even though it’s a legacy system, our folks are still finding ways toexploit the capabilities of this system,” Coniglio said.Future system on the horizonNew satellites in the SBIRS program will join the heritage constellationin geosynchronous orbit beginning in late 2009, according to Teague.”We’re still extracting every ounce of value out of the DSP system,”Teague said. “But like all great systems, we’ve found opportunities andabilities to be able to improve that and we’re doing that with SBIRS.”The next-generation system also includes sensors mounted on top secret spysatellites in egg-shaped high Earth orbits. The first instrument packageis already in space, the Air Force announced last year.”This has been a truly revolutionary capability that we now have in HEO,”Teague said. “That gives us new glimpses and new capability that we nowhave the opportunity to exploit.”The first HEO payload is not yet operational, Teague said, but officialsare using it as a learning tool before a second group of sensors islaunched on another classified host satellite. The HEO system could bedeclared operational by the middle of next year.”As we look to launch the SBIRS GEO satellites, we’ll be bringing thoseinto the operational constellation,” Teague said.Teague said the first GEO satellite payload has been sent to a LockheedMartin Corp. facility and integrated on the spacecraft bus for thebeginning of a lengthy combined test campaign.The military holds contracts for two geosynchronous satellites withLockheed Martin, with an option for a third spacecraft. Teague said adecision on whether to exercise the contract option or move on to a newdesign is being discussed at the highest levels of military leadership.”There are a number of decisions ongoing within the Pentagon with regardto at what point do you take that snapshot and draw the line in the sandand say, ‘Hey, I’m going to move on to the next generation and how do I dothat? Do I evolve my current capability? Do I go out and do somethingcompletely different? All of those discussions are underway right now,” hesaid.The SBIRS system originally included plans for additional geosynchronoussatellites, but cost overruns and development delays caused those plans tobe scrapped.Cost estimates for the program have nearly tripled since its inception in1996. The soaring costs could play a role in a decision whether to launchmore SBIRS satellites or create a new system.”A big lesson that we have to keep in mind is that we’ve got to be able toappropriately manage our risks and making sure that we don’t bite too bigof an apple off at one time and that we can deliver something on budget,on cost and on schedule,” Teague said.The infrared sensors and the associated electronic systems for the SBIRSprogram are built by Northrop Grumman.The SBIRS payloads include a scanning sensor that will provide more timelydata than the DSP instruments. Other detectors on geosynchronoussatellites will stare at specific regions with increased sensitivity.Expanded short-wave and mid-wave infrared sensors will also allow theSBIRS satellites to perform a broader range of missions.”The scanning technology that we have on orbit with HEO is the exactidentical capability that will be on orbit at GEO,” Teague said. “It givesus great confidence going forward that what we’ve got is going to workgreat.”The SBIRS constellation will work in tandem with the Space Tracking andSurveillance System managed by the Missile Defense Agency. Originallycalled SBIRS Low and managed by the Air Force, the STSS satellites will bestationed in low Earth orbit to demonstrate the tracking and quickidentification of launches for missile defense applications.The first orbital members of the STSS program will be launched next year.”In the near term, we feel very confident and comfortable about where weare with being able to provide that surveillance capability,” Teague said.Spaceflight Now’s Justin Ray contributed to this report.Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:WIDESCREEN MOVIE OF LAUNCH SHOT FROM PRESS SITE VIDEO:DELTA 4-HEAVY ROCKETS LAUNCHES WITH DSP 23 VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:ANIMATION OF DSP SATELLITE VIDEO:DSP 23 SATELLITE IS TRANSPORTED TO PAD 37B VIDEO:THE DSP 23 SPACECRAFT MOUNTED ATOP ADAPTER VIDEO:FIRST DELTA 4-HEAVY FROM LIFTOFF TO BOOSTER SEP. VIDEO:ONBOARD CAMERA RECORDS FIRST HEAVY LAUNCH VIDEO:ONBOARD CAMERA SEES BOOSTER SEPARATION VIDEO:ONBOARD CAMERA CAPTURES FAIRING JETTISON Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Launch hazard areaSPACEFLIGHT NOW

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    “It was his choice to publicly unveil himself,” Greenwald told the AP in Hong Kong. “He recognized that, even if he hadn’t publicly unveiled himself, it was only a matter of time before the U.S. government discovered that it was he who had been responsible for these disclosures, and he made peace with that. … He’s very steadfast and resolute about the fact that he did the right thing.”

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    “This individual was in contact with an individual in the United States named Khalid Ouazzani. Ouazzani and other individuals that we identified through a FISA that the FBI applied for through the [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC)] were able to detect a nascent plotting to bomb the New York Stock Exchange,” Joyce said. “Ouazzani had been providing information and support to this plot. The FBI disrupted and arrested these individuals.”

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    In the new study of 750 women, doctors compared clomiphene with another drug, letrozole, which is commonly used as a breast cancer treatment in postmenopausal women whose cancers are fueled by estrogen, says Richard Legro, the study’s first author and a professor at Penn State College of Medicine.

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    “We discussed it and we decided to try these shoes out on him,” Alan Johnston said. “And (we) thought this would be a good match and kind of went from there.”

  56. says

    dove Amal ha dato alla luce altri due bambini: Zainab nel 2006 e Hussein nel 2008.30 alle 18.Pinacoteca e dei Museo Civici,En 2004.3) Bronx tour: Botanical garden. Kate Major. cette collaboration a donné naissance à seulement deux jolis pulls en cachemire, Nel messaggio Bolden prende atto della difficolt?di atterraggio di un rover su Marte, en reprenant son souffle. anche se non il pi?antico; robusto e produttivo ha visto una diffusione decisiva a partire dalla seconda met?dell

  57. says

    3. Hire Up”When you hire new employees, make sure they are better than you are and they want your job. This will ensure your own performance is maximized and there is energy and drive within your team.”–David Martin, Regional Director,

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    STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: February 20, 2010With Endeavour safely away from the International Space Station, flight controllers are looking ahead to the crew’s planned landing Sunday night, assessing threatening weather in Florida and California and evaluating a variety of landing options.Endeavour’s crew has two Florida landing opportunities Sunday evening, the first at 10:16 p.m. EST and the second, one orbit later, at 11:51 p.m. Two opportunities also are available at Edwards Air Force Base in California’s Mojave Desert at 1:20 a.m. EST Monday and 2:55 a.m. EST.The Spaceflight Meteorology Group at the Johnson Space Center in Houston is predicting a chance of showers within 30 nautical miles of the runway at the Kennedy Space Center, a violation of NASA’s flight rules.The forecast for Edwards calls for low ceilings and showers near the runway. A third landing site near White Sands, N.M., is forecast “go” Sunday. As of Friday evening, all three sites were predicted to be no-go overnight Monday.Endeavour has enough on-board supplies to remain in orbit until Tuesday at the latest. NASA typically reserves the final landing opportunity to handle shuttle-related problems. If that philosophy plays out here, Endeavour’s crew would be expected to land, if possible, on one coast or the other Sunday or Monday.Kwatsi Alibaruho, the lead shuttle flight director, said early Saturday that entry Flight Director Norm Knight plans to “manage our resources on orbit to keep the largest number of options open to us if the weather is not looking favorable for our Kennedy Space Center deorbit opportunities on Sunday.””I think what will likely happen is we might consider calling up all three available sites on Monday and we’ll plan our trajectory tomorrow or on Sunday to give us the largest number of deorbit opportunities on that end-of-mission plus-one day, which would be Monday,” Alibaruho said. “That’s the general thought process. Now of course, the specific decisions that will be made will start to take shape tomorrow as we understand more about the weather. Right now, the forecasts are a little bit sketchy in some areas.”Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:STUNNING TIME-LAPSE OF STATION FLYAROUND VIDEO:SATURDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:VIEWS OF ENDEAVOUR DURING THE FLYAROUND VIDEO:VIEWS OF THE SPACE STATION DURING FLYAROUND VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR UNDOCKS FROM THE SPACE STATION VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 13 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 12 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:FRIDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:SHUTTLE AND STATION CREWS BID THEIR FAREWELLS VIDEO:RIBBON-CUTTING CEREMONY FOR STATION’S CUPOLA VIDEO:IN-FLIGHT CREW NEWS CONFERENCE FOR U.S AND JAPAN VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 11 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:THURSDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:OXYGEN GENERATOR RELOCATED TO TRANQUILITY VIDEO:STATION’S TOILET INSTALLED IN THE NEW MODULE VIDEO:WATER GENERATING EQUIPMENT MOVED INTO TRANQUILITY VIDEO:PRESIDENT OBAMA CALLS SHUTTLE AND STATION CREWS VIDEO:DAZZLING VIEWS FROM INSIDE CUPOLA VIDEO:CUPOLA WINDOW SHUTTERS ARE TESTED VIDEO:STATION ASTRONAUT’S CAMCORDER VIEWS OF CUPOLA VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 10 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:WEDNESDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:CUPOLA OPEN FOR VIEWING VIDEO:FREEING THE SHUTTERS VIDEO:CUPOLA IS UNVEILED! VIDEO:FIRST HALF OF CUPOLA UNCOVERED VIDEO:WIRING UP DOCKING ADAPTER ON TRANQUILITY VIDEO:ACTIVATING TRANQUILITY’S OTHER COOLING LOOP VIDEO:SPACEWALKERS FLOAT OUT OF AIRLOCK VIDEO:STEP-BY-STEP PREVIEW OF SPACEWALK NO. 3 VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 10 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:FLY WITH THE ASTRONAUTS IN THE COCKPIT VIDEO:LOOKING OUT THE PILOT’S FRONT WINDOW VIDEO:LEFT-HAND BOOSTER CAMERA LOOKING UPWARD VIDEO:LEFT-HAND BOOSTER CAMERA LOOKING INBOARD VIDEO:LEFT-HAND BOOSTER CAMERA LOOKING DOWNWARD VIDEO:RIGHT-HAND BOOSTER CAMERA LOOKING UPWARD VIDEO:RIGHT-HAND BOOSTER CAMERA LOOKING INBOARD VIDEO:RIGHT-HAND BOOSTER CAMERA LOOKING DOWNWARD VIDEO:EXTERNAL TANK CAMERA FROM LIFTOFF TO SEPARATION VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 9 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:TUESDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:DOCKING ADAPTER PLACED ONTO TRANQUILITY VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 9 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 8 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:NEW YORK, ST. LOUIS AND MEMPHIS MEDIA INTERVIEWS VIDEO:MONDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:OBSERVATION PORTAL RELOCATED TO NEW HOME VIDEO:CUPOLA PLUCKED FROM OUTBOARD PORT VIDEO:ROBOTIC ARM GRAPPLES CUPOLA VIDEO:CREW’S EDUCATIONAL EVENT VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 8 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:SUNDAY AFTERNOON’S FLIGHT DIRECTOR INTERVIEW VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 7 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:SUNDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:PREPPING CUPOLA’S NEW HOME PORT VIDEO:SPACEWALKERS COMPLETE OTHER OUTFITTING WORK VIDEO:AMMONIA BEGINS FLOWING TO COOL TRANQUILITY VIDEO:PATRICK’S SPACESUIT CONTAMINATION CHECKS VIDEO:SPACEWALKERS INSTALL SECOND COOLANT LOOP VIDEO:FIRST SET OF AMMONIA LINES HOOKED UP VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 7 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:STEP-BY-STEP PREVIEW OF SPACEWALK NO. 2 VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 6 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:OPENING CUPOLA’S HATCHWAY BRIEFLY VIDEO:ENTERING TRANQUILITY FOR FIRST TIME VIDEO:SPACEWALKERS ANSWER TWITTER QUESTIONS VIDEO:ASSOCIATED PRESS, CBS AND REUTERS MEDIA INTERVIEWS VIDEO:SATURDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 6 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:FRIDAY AFTERNOON’S MANAGEMENT TEAM UPDATE VIDEO:FRIDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 5 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:STEP-BY-STEP PREVIEW OF SPACEWALK NO. 1 VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 5 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 4 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:WEDNESDAY NIGHT’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:SACRAMENTO, MOBILE AND ST. LOUIS MEDIA INTERVIEWS VIDEO:WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON’S MANAGEMENT TEAM UPDATE VIDEO:WEDNESDAY MORNING’S FLIGHT DIRECTOR INTERVIEW VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 4 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 3 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:WEDNESDAY MORNING’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:SHUTTLE CREW WELCOMED ABOARD STATION VIDEO:HATCHWAY OPENED BETWEEN TWO SPACECRAFT VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR DOCKS TO THE SPACE STATION VIDEO:SHUTTLE FLIES OUT IN FRONT OF STATION VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR PERFORMS 360-DEGREE BACKFLIP VIDEO:STUNNING SHOT OF SHUTTLE AGAINST HORIZON VIDEO:STATION’S VIEW OF SHUTTLE ENGINE FIRING VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 3 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:TUESDAY AFTERNOON’S MANAGEMENT TEAM UPDATE VIDEO:AMAZING LAUNCH FOOTAGE FROM COCKPIT CAMERA VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 2 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:TUESDAY’S MISSION STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:TIME-LAPSE OF WING INSPECTIONS VIDEO:INSPECTION BOOM READIED FOR USE VIDEO:PREVIEW OF FLIGHT DAY 2 ACTIVITIES VIDEO:NARRATED TOUR OF ENDEAVOUR’S PAYLOAD BAY VIDEO:FLIGHT DAY 1 HIGHLIGHTS MOVIE VIDEO:THE FULL STS-130 LAUNCH EXPERIENCE VIDEO:SHUTTLE ENDEAVOUR BLASTS OFF! VIDEO:GO BEHIND THE SCENES IN MISSION CONTROL VIDEO:JETTISONED EXTERNAL FUEL TANK TUMBLES AWAY VIDEO:PAYLOAD BAY DOORS OPENED FOLLOWING LAUNCH VIDEO:CREW FINISHES GETTING SUITED UP VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS LEAVE CREW QUARTERS VIDEO:CREW ARRIVES AT LAUNCH PAD 39A VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS BOARD THEIR SPACECRAFT VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: VAB ROOF VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PRESS SITE VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PAD PERIMETER VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: BEACH TRACKER VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PAD CAMERA 070 VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PAD CAMERA 071 VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: UCS-23 TRACKER VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PLAYALINDA BEACH VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: PAD FRONT CAMERA VIDEO:LAUNCH REPLAY: BANANA CREEK SITE VIDEO:NARRATED REVIEW OF SHUTTLE’S PREPARATIONS VIDEO:NARRATED REVIEW OF PAYLOADS’ PREPARATIONS VIDEO:EXPLANATION OF WEATHER PROBLEMS VIDEO:LOW CLOUDS SCRUB FIRST COUNTDOWN VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS DEPART QUARTERS FOR PAD 39A VIDEO:CREW GETS SUITED UP FOR LAUNCH ATTEMPT VIDEO:PAD SERVICE GANTRY RETRACTED VIDEO:TIME-LAPSE OF MOBILE TOWER ROLLBACK VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH COMMANDER GEORGE ZAMKA VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH PILOT TERRY VIRTS VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH MISSION SPECIALIST 1 KAY HIRE VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH MISSION SPECIALIST 2 STEVE ROBINSON VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH MISSION SPECIALIST 3 NICK PATRICK VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH MISSION SPECIALIST 4 BOB BEHNKEN VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR’S PRE-LAUNCH NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:THURSDAY STATUS AND WEATHER UPDATE VIDEO:COUNTDOWN PREVIEW BRIEFING VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS ARRIVE FOR LAUNCH VIDEO:LAUNCH DATE SET AT FLIGHT READINESS REVIEW VIDEO:PAYLOAD BAY DOORS CLOSED FOR LAUNCH VIDEO:CREW SEES TRANQUILITY LOADED INTO SHUTTLE VIDEO:SHUTTLE EVACUATION PRACTICE VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS BOARD ENDEAVOUR VIDEO:THE LAUNCH DAY SIMULATION BEGINS VIDEO:PAD BUNKER TRAINING FOR THE CREW VIDEO:CREW BRIEFED ON EMERGENCY PROCEDURES VIDEO:TEST-DRIVING AN EMERGENCY ARMORED TANK VIDEO:NIGHTTIME APPROACHES IN TRAINING AIRCRAFT VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS CHAT WITH REPORTERS AT PAD 39A VIDEO:SPACEWALKER UPDATES COOLING HOSE FIX VIDEO:ROBINSON’S THOUGHTS ON SHUTTLE RETIREMENT VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS ARRIVE FOR PRACTICE COUNTDOWN VIDEO:TRANQUILITY DELIVERED TO PAD 39A VIDEO:PAYLOAD TRANSPORTER GOES UPRIGHT VIDEO:PACKING UP PAYLOAD FOR LAUNCH VIDEO:SHUTTLE ENDEAVOUR’S FRIGID ROLLOUT TO PAD VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR HOISTED FOR ATTACHMENT TO TANK VIDEO:CRANE ROTATES THE ORBITER VERTICALLY VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR MOVES TO ASSEMBLY BUILDING VIDEO:TIME-LAPSE SHOWS ENDEAVOUR ASCENDING IN VAB VIDEO:TIME-LAPSE SHOWS THE MOVE TO ASSEMBLY BUILDING VIDEO:ORBITER READY TO LEAVE HANGAR VIDEO:EXTERNAL TANK ATTACHED TO BOOSTERS VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR’S MAIN ENGINE INSTALLATION VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS VISIT THEIR SPACECRAFT VIDEO:CREW INSPECTS MISSION PAYLOADS VIDEO:FUEL TANK UNLOADED FROM THE BARGE VIDEO:EXTERNAL TANK ARRIVES AT SPACEPORT VIDEO:FORWARD THRUSTER POD CHECKED OUT VIDEO:ENDEAVOUR TOWED OFF RUNWAY FROM STS-127 VIDEO:TRANQUILITY HATCH SEALED FOR LAUNCH VIDEO:CUPOLA ATTACHED TO TRANQUILITY VIDEO:THE SPACE STATION’S NEW CUPOLA VIDEO:TRANQUILITY UNPACKED IN FLORIDA VIDEO:NEW MODULE ARRIVES FROM EUROPE John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.NASA officials caucus for Endeavour’s flight reviewBY WILLIAM HARWOOD

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    The recent series of lab-safety blunders at CDC began June 5, when a laboratory scientist in the agency’s Bioterrorism Rapid Response and Advanced Technology Laboratory prepared an extract of anthrax as part of an experiment that sought to develop better methods for labs to quickly identify bacterial species in the field.

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    Arielle Metzger, who was wearing a green and gray Stetson T-shirt for part of the “60 Minutes” broadcast, said since the “60 Minutes” feature aired, they’ve received many calls, emails and letters from people who have said they are an inspiration.

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    “It always matters,” said Rigler, recalling what happened in the post-Palin, pre-election interval, when she started hearing from friends and fellow Republicans in Arizona who planned to abandon the state’s favorite son because of his “horrible” choice. Rigler herself went from intrigued to annoyed as she witnessed what she called McCain’s “total snowball downhill.”

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    The locals, called porte?os, are exceptionally friendly. You are likely to come upon couples dancing the tango curbside and encounter the city’s mimes in popular Recoleta, a downtown residential neighborhood, bustling with upscale hotels, shops, and restaurants. The area, however, is best known for its famous cemetery and park.

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    Posted: July 28, 2004GeneralOne of five planets known to ancient astronomers; in mythology Mercury was the fleet-footedmessenger of the gods, a fitting name for a planet that moves quickly across the skyClosest planet to the Sun; second smallest planet in the solar system (larger only than Pluto)Visited by only one spacecraft: NASA’s Mariner 10 (1974-75), which examined less than half thesurface in detailPhysical CharacteristicsDiameter is 4,878 kilometers (3,031 miles), about one-third the size of Earth and slightly larger than our MoonDensest planet in the solar system (when corrected for compression), with density 5.3 timesgreater than waterLargest known crater on Mercury’s pockmarked surface is the Caloris Basin (1,300 kilometersor 800 miles in diameter), likely created by an ancient asteroid impactSurface is a combination of craters, smooth plains and long, winding cliffsPossible water ice on the permanently shadowed floors of craters in the polar regionsEnormous iron core takes up 60 percent of the planet’s total mass – twice as much as Earth’sEnvironmentExperiences the solar system’s largest swing in surface temperatures, from highs above 450degrees Celsius (840 degrees Fahrenheit) to lows below -212 C (-350 F)Only inner planet besides Earth with a global magnetic field, though Mercury’s field is about 100 times weaker than Earth’s (at the surface)Extremely thin atmosphere contains hydrogen, helium, oxygen, sodium, potassium and calciumOrbitAverage distance from the Sun is 58 million kilometers (36 million miles), about two-thirdscloser to the Sun than the EarthHighly elliptical (elongated) orbit, ranging from 46 million kilometers (29 million miles) to 70million kilometers (43 million miles) from the SunOrbits the Sun once every 88 Earth days; moving at an average speed of 48 kilometers (30 miles)per second, it’s the “fastest” planet in the solar systemRotates on its axis once every 59 Earth days, but because of its slow rotation and fast speedaround the Sun, one solar day (from noon to noon at the same place) lasts 176 Earth days,or two Mercury yearsDistance from Earth (during MESSENGER’s orbit) ranges from about 87 million to 212 millionkilometers, about 54 million to 132 million milesSTS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.An insider’s view of how Apollo flight controllers operated and just what they faced when events were crucial. Choose your store: Soviet SpaceFor the first time ever available in the West. Rocket & Space Corporation Energia: a complete pictorial history of the Soviet/Russian Space Program from 1946 to the present day all in full color. Available from our store.Choose your store: – – – Viking patchThis embroidered mission patch celebrates NASA’s Viking Project which reached the Red Planet in 1976.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 7 DVDFor 11 days the crew of Apollo 7 fought colds while they put the Apollo spacecraft through a workout, establishing confidence in the machine what would lead directly to the bold decision to send Apollo 8 to the moon just 2 months later. Choose your store: – – – Gemini 12Gemini 12: The NASA Mission Reports covers the voyage of James Lovell and Buzz Aldrin that capped the Gemini program’s efforts to prove the technologies and techniques that would be needed for the Apollo Moon landings. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.MESSENGER awaits launch on marathon trek to Mercury BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

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    Pauline Gérard “Il aimait beaucoup les acteurs,Dalla palude non viene fuori il Monti bis. elle est l’ambassadrice de l’UNICEF pour la cause des enfants maltrait

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    STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: August 6, 2014 After a 10-year, 3.7-billion-mile chase, Europe’s Rosetta spacecraft finally caught up with its target Wednesday, firing its main engine to precisely match orbits with comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, giving the spacecraft a ringside seat as the icy relic falls into the inner solar system and comes to life in the warmth of the sun.”What a wonderful moment! We’re there. We’ve arrived,” said Mark McCaughrean, senior scientific advisor with the European Space Agency’s Directorate of Science and Robotic Exploration. “Ten years we’ve been in the car, waiting to get to scientific Disneyland. We haven’t even gotten out of the car yet and look at what’s outside the window. It’s just astonishing.”The final maneuver needed for Rosetta to match orbits with 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, racing through space at some 34,000 mph, began at 5 a.m. EDT (GMT-4) and lasted six minutes and 26 seconds. Anxious scientists and flight controllers standing by in ESA’s control center in Darmstadt, Germany, had to wait 22 minutes for telemetry from the spacecraft to reach Earth 245 million miles away, confirming a successful burn.When all was said and done, the $1.7 billion spacecraft was flying in tandem with the comet in its orbit around the sun, positioned just 60 miles or so ahead of the nucleus, ideally positioned study its cratered surface, the evolution of its coma — the nebulous cloud that envelops a comet as it warms up — and the eventual development of dust and ion tails.If all goes well, the spacecraft will drop an instrumented lander to the surface of 67P in November for unprecedented close-range observations, the first such landing ever attempted.”Rosetta is the sexiest science mission, the sexiest space mission that’s ever been,” said mission scientist Matt Taylor. “We’re going to ride alongside this comet, we’re going to have a ringside seat as we go from this rather inert object now through perihelion, that’s closest approach to the sun next year, and as it starts to move away from that sun.”That gives us this ringside seat (for) this dynamic evolution of this fantastic body. It’s going to be an awesome ride. Stay tuned.”Adding to the drama, images of 67P taken by the spacecraft’s OSIRIS multi-spectral camera over the past few days have revealed a heavily cratered nucleus with two distinct lobes, showing house-size boulders strewn across relatively smooth plains and towering, sharply etched cliffs 500 feet high. Even sharper views were expected later in the day as fresh images made their way back to Earth.Over the next few days and weeks, flight controllers will move the spacecraft closer and closer to the comet, flying an intricate back-and-forth trajectory shaped like a triangle to maintain its position. All the while, Rosetta will be studying 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko with a battery of cameras and instruments to map its surface, to study its composition and to characterize the coma.A major objective of the early observations is to find a good landing site for the Philae lander, a small spacecraft mounted on the side of Rosetta that carries its own suite of cameras and instruments.In a moment of high drama, Rosetta will release Philae on Nov. 11, allowing the lander to slowly descend to the surface, anchoring itself in the frigid crust for the first in situ observations of a comet as it warms up and spews dust and electrically charged ions in tenuous tails of debris.”Scientific Disneyland,” McCaughrean marveled from ESA’s control center. “The big roller coaster awaits us in November. That’s the scary ride to go on, but we have all the other fun rides all the way through to next year. So we have a really great mission ahead of us.”The end of this year is going to be frantic, the whole of next year is going to be thrilling,” he said. “It’s a wonderful moment.”Discovered in 1969, 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko circles the sun in an elliptical orbit extending nearly 500 million miles from the sun at its far point — beyond the orbit of Jupiter — to a point between the orbits of Earth and Mars some 115 million miles from the sun. The comet measures a few miles across and rotates every 12.7 hours.Made up of material left over from the birth of the solar system 4.6 billion years ago, 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is a frozen remnant of the primordial material used to build the sun and its retinue of planets, a representative sample of the countless small bodies that may have built up Earth’s oceans and seeded the planet with the organic compounds necessary for life.While earlier missions have flown past a handful of comets, including NASA’s Deep Impact probe that blasted out a crater with a small impactor, Rosetta is the most ambitious comet research mission ever attempted.If all goes well, the spacecraft will fly in tandem with 67P as its path carries it inside the orbit of Mars, reaching perihelion, its closest point to the sun, in August 2015, continuing its observations through the end of next year. As for Philae, no one knows how long the lander might survive, but scientists are hoping for several months of close-range observations as the nucleus heats up and spews debris.”Rosetta is indeed the Rosetta stone as a mission, it will unlock this treasure chest as a clue to all comets,” McCaughrean said. “There are trillions out there, but this is a baseline, this is the one we can now study in such detail we can re-write history and begin to understand our own history. And I think that’s a great thing for us.”The European Space Agency originally planned to build a comet sample return mission in partnership with NASA, but the U.S. space agency pulled out because of budget constraints and ESA ultimately decided to launch Rosetta instead, approving the project in 1993.”So we had to change our plans and go to a rendezvous mission and asteroid flyby,” Gerhard Schwehm, former mission manager and project scientist, told CBS News in an earlier interview. “At that time, we said if you can??t get the nucleus back in our laboratories on Earth, we’ll send a laboratory to the comet.”Rosetta was launched on March 2, 2004. To reach 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the spacecraft had to carry out four planetary flybys, using the gravity of Earth and Mars in repeated passes to pump up the spacecraft’s velocity enough to move out into deep space.Along the way, Rosetta flew past two asteroids, sending back high-resolution pictures and other observations. By the summer of 2011, the spacecraft was too far from the sun for its solar arrays to generate enough electricity to power all of its instruments and subsystems.At that point, flight controllers ordered the spacecraft to put itself into electronic hibernation, shutting down all non-essential systems, including its radio.For the next two-and-a-half years, Rosetta flew in silence, constantly closing the gap with 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Finally, on Jan. 20, Rosetta woke itself up and phoned home, ready for the final leg of its long space odyssey.For McCaughrean, a chance to get up close and personal with a comet is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to answer, or attempt to answer, fundamental questions about humanity’s origins.”The really big questions here are where do we come from, where does the solar system we live in come from, how was it put together, how was it assembled?” he said. “How do the planets get built up individually and how did water get to this planet? Maybe even questions about where the complex molecules (came from), the organic molecules that build us up.”Water and life. These are questions that motivate everybody.”John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Rosetta mission one month from historic comet arrival SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 6, 2014 The European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft is one month from pulling alongside an icy comet and beginning the most comprehensive survey of a comet yet attempted. Artist’s concept of Rosetta at comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Photo credit: ESA-C. Carreau/ATG medialabRosetta has been fine-tuning its approach to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko since early May, using its rocket thrusters to bend the spacecraft’s orbit to rendezvous with its target in the first week of August.Arrival at Churyumov-Gerasimenko is scheduled for Aug. 6, when Rosetta will become the first spacecraft to ever enter orbit around a comet.On July 6, Rosetta’s distance to the comet was less than 35,000 kilometers, or about 22,000 miles. As the craft’s range to Churyumov-Gerasimenko decreases, Rosetta’s cameras are getting a better picture of the unexplored comet.More details about the comet’s shape, rotation, and surface features will be resolved by Rosetta’s narrow angle camera in the coming weeks. The data will help scientists plan observations and give controllers input on the conditions awaiting Rosetta, such as gas, dust and ice particles, when it passes inside 50 miles of the comet in early August.”Our comet is coming out of its deep space slumber and beginning to put on a show for Rosetta’s science instruments,” said Matt Taylor, Rosetta’s project scientist at ESA.Other observations from the $1.7 billion mission’s suite of science instruments have detected water being ejected from the comet. A microwave sensor on Rosetta from NASA looked at Churyumov-Gerasimenko in early June, measuring the rate at which water vapor is released from the comet.Data showed the 4-kilometer-wide (2.5-mile-wide) comet is releasing the equivalent of two glasses of water into space every second, surprising scientists who did not expect to see outgassing of water from so far away.”At this production rate, comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko would fill an Olympic-size swimming pool in about 100 days,” said Sam Gulkis, principal investigator of the MIRO instrument at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. “But, as the comet gets closer to the sun, the gas production rate will increase. With Rosetta, we have an amazing vantage point to observe these changes up close and learn more about exactly why they happen.” Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, seen in Rosetta’s OSIRIS narrow angle camera on June 28, from a distance of about 86,000 kilometers. The comet covers about four pixels in this image and appears, as expected, rather fuzzy from this distance. Photo credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDAFive rocket burns during the next month will put Rosetta in position for capture by the comet’s feeble gravity field, beginning more than a year of close-up mapping and scientific research, including the release of a German-built lander to touch down on the comet’s nucleus in November.Most of the maneuvering work was accomplished in five burns beginning May 7.The last rocket firing July 2 adjusted Rosetta’s velocity relative to Churyumov-Gerasimenko by 58.7 meters per second, or 131.3 mph.More than 90 percent of the required velocity change — known as delta-V in the space business — to reach Churyumov-Gerasimenko has been accomplished following the successful maneuver July 2.The next thruster burns are scheduled for July 9, July 16, July 23, Aug. 3 and Aug. 6, according to ESA.Rosetta will need occasional rocket firings throughout its mission to stay close to the comet, which officials expect will have an irregular, lumpy gravity field, making trajectory planning a challenge for control teams.When Rosetta arrives at the comet in August, it will be beyond the orbit Mars. The comet’s orbit will take it to just outside the orbit of Earth at perihelion — its closest approach to the sun — in August 2015.The probe will escort the comet on its journey into the inner solar system.Scientists say comets contain the primordial building blocks of life, and missions like Rosetta aim to yield clues on the role they played in the early solar system.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Rosetta sees surprising shape to spinning comet SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 17, 2014 Closing in to begin a thorough investigation in August, a camera on Europe’s Rosetta comet-chasing probe has revealed its target has a few surprises in store for scientists. Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko rotates in a view captured July 14 by Rosetta’s OSIRIS imaging system at a distance of approximately 12,000 kilometers. This movie uses a sequence of 36 interpolated images each separated by 20 minutes, providing a 360-degree preview of the complex shape of the comet. Photo credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDAScientists say the comet is a contact binary, which consists of two bodies stuck together. They have compared the comet’s shape to a duck, with one part larger than the other.Other spacecraft have visited contact binary comets and asteroids, but the imagery from Rosetta shows a comet with sharp ridges and extreme topography.”This is unlike any other comet we have ever seen before,” said Carsten Guttler, project manager for Rosetta’s OSIRIS imaging system, from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Gottingen, Germany. “The images faintly remind me of a rubber ducky with a body and a head.”Rosetta approached within 10,000 kilometers of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on July 15. It is due to arrive at a distance of 100 kilometers from the comet Aug. 6, when it will become the first spacecraft to enter orbit around a comet.”The two blocks likely formed 4.5 billion years ago, collided at low speed, stuck to each other and have since been moving together,” said Ekkehard Kuhrt, a comet researcher at the German Aerospace Centre, in a press release. “Scientifically, it is now of course very interesting to find out whether the two components differ in their composition.”Scientists used a technique called interpolation to create a smoother image from the pixelated raw pictures observed by the OSIRIS camera.”There is, of course, still uncertainty in these processed, filtered images and the surface will not be as smooth as it now appears,” Guttler said. “But they help us the get a first idea.”The images were officially released Thursday, two days after they were prematurely unveiled by CNES, the French space agency. CNES later removed the images from its website.In a blog posting on the European Space Agency’s website, officials wrote that Rosetta operates differently from other missions, such as NASA’s Mars rovers, where raw images are released to the public immediately.Authored by Rosetta mission manager Fred Jansen, Rosetta project scientist Matt Taylor and ESA senior scientific advisor Mark McCaughrean, the web post said most NASA and ESA missions do not follow the same “open data” policy employed by NASA’s Mars rovers.Rosetta’s data releases must be coordinated between ESA, the member states which fund the probe’s science instruments, and the scientists who operate them.Complex agreements signed when Rosetta was developed nearly two decades ago set the rules for the publication of data.Mission officials wrote that measurements and imagery from the 21 instruments on the Rosetta mothership and Philae lander, which will descend to the comet’s surface later this year, are subject to a six-month proprietary period.”This period … gives exclusive access to the data to the scientists who built the instruments or to scientists who made a winning proposal to make certain observations,” the blog post said.Read the complete explaining the Rosetta data distribution policy. “The aim of a proprietary period is to ensure that the academic teams who spent decades developing and running the sophisticated scientific instruments on-board the spacecraft are able to calibrate and verify the data, as well as reap the rewards of their efforts: their scientific careers depend on it. Otherwise, it would be very hard to engage people in this long and difficult process,” officials wrote.The $1.7 billion Rosetta mission launched in March 2004, taking a meandering course around the inner solar system before spiraling away from the sun and entering a nearly three-year hibernation phase to conserve power.Rosetta awakened from its deep sleep in January to begin final preparations for its encounter with Churyumov-Gerasimenko.Scientists estimate the comet has a diameter of about 4 kilometers, or 2.5 miles.As the craft moves closer to the comet — colloquially known as 67P/C-G — Rosetta’s cameras are getting a better picture of the unexplored world.More details about the comet’s shape, rotation, and surface features will be resolved by Rosetta’s narrow angle camera in the coming weeks. The data will help scientists plan observations and give controllers input on the conditions awaiting Rosetta, such as gas, dust and ice particles.”Because no one has ever been to 67P/C-G before, each new piece of data from Rosetta has the potential for a scientific discovery,” ESA officials wrote on the agency’s website. “It’s only fair that the instrument science teams have the first chance to make and assess those discoveries. At the same time, it’s exactly because 67P/C-G is unknown territory and because there is an exciting journey underway that some are clamoring to see everything as soon as possible, in near ‘real-time.’ We understand that, but a balance must be struck, which is why only some of the data are being released now.”Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Rosetta’s camera seeing more of cometary destination SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 31, 2014 On course for an historic rendezvous next week, the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft is revealing new details of the oddball comet the probe has pursued for more than a decade. The nucleus of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimernko as seen from a distance of 1,950 kilometers on July 29, 2014. One pixel corresponds to approximately 37 meters. The bright neck region between the comet’s head and body is becoming more and more distinct. Credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDANew images released by scientists Thursday show the coma surrounding comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, revealing the cloud of dust and gas around the tiny unexplored world.The images from Rosetta’s OSIRIS camera system also provide a sharper view of the comet’s nucleus, which appears to be formed of two distinct lobes merged along a brightly colored saddle.Scientists programmed Rosetta’s wide-angle camera to image the comet’s coma with a 330-second exposure, bringing out subtle sunlight reflected from the minuscule particles of dust and gas stretching hundreds of kilometers from the nucleus.”Even though it sounds like a contradiction, imaging the comet’s coma from nearby is more difficult than from far away,” said Holger Sierks, the OSIRIS camera’s lead scientist from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany. Rosetta detected the comet — known by the abbreviated name 67P/C-G — putting off dust this spring. The coma will become more pronounced as the comet comes closer to the sun, with its closest approach expected in August 2015. The coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko as seen with OSIRIS covers an area of 150 kilometers across. This image was taken on July 25, 2014, with an exposure time of 330 seconds. The hazy circular structure on the right and the center of the coma are artifacts due to overexposure of the nucleus. Credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDARosetta will arrive within 100 kilometers, or about 62 miles, of the comet Aug. 6. A minor rocket burn will put the probe in an unstable orbit around 67P/C-G, making Rosetta the first spacecraft to ever accomplish a controlled low-speed rendezvous with a comet.As of Thursday, officials said Rosetta was less than 900 miles from the comet.Imagery from Rosetta indicates the comet spins around once every 12.4 hours, according to scientists.ESA plans to release the first close-up view the comet during a special event to celebrate the Aug. 6 rendezvous at Rosetta’s control center in Darmstadt, Germany.By September, scientists hope to identify a prime landing site for Philae, a small craft riding piggyback on Rosetta that will descend to the comet’s surface in November.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Rosetta’s comet chase is on SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: January 20, 2014 Fresh out of an unprecedented power-saving sleep mode, Europe’s comet-chasing Rosetta spacecraft awakened and phoned home Monday on the way to an enigmatic ball of rock and ice for a daring close-up inspection later this year. Artist’s concept of the Rosetta spacecraft. Credit: ESAOut of contact with Earth since June 2011, Rosetta is about to conclude a 10-year sojourn through space and pull alongside comet named Churyumov-Gerasimenko in August, when the European Space Agency probe will become the first mission to ever orbit one of the “dirty snowballs” believed to harbor the building blocks of life.European Space Agency officials say Monday’s wakeup launches Rosetta into a year of firsts: rendezvousing with a little-known comet beyond the orbit of Mars, maneuvering into a series of jagged, imprecise orbits, surviving blasts from dust and ice crystals, then ejecting a hitchhiking robot named Philae to latch onto the comet with harpoons and ice screws.Such a tricky encounter, set to begin this summer, has never been tried before.”We have our comet-chaser back,” said Alvaro Gimenez, ESA’s director of science and robotic exploration. “With Rosetta, we will take comet exploration to a new level. This incredible mission continues our history of ‘firsts’ at comets, building on the technological and scientific achievements of our first deep space mission Giotto, which returned the first close-up images of a comet nucleus as it flew past Halley in 1986.”Rosetta’s on-board timer was programmed to go off at 1000 GMT (5 a.m. EST) Monday, but it took more than eight hours to receive a report on the spacecraft’s condition. The probe roused itself from sleep, activated heaters and regained control of its orientation before aiming its high-power antenna toward Earth.Admittedly nervous after waiting 31 months with no signals from the $1.7 billion mission, ground teams at ESA’s control center in Darmstadt, Germany, were elated with the news.Although Rosetta’s signal made it to Earth within the expected window, the team had to wait a little longer than most officials expected. NASA-owned 70-meter (230-foot) antennas in California and Australia were trained on Rosetta’s predicted location in the sky waiting on a peep from the probe 500 million miles away.A video feed streamed from the Darmstadt control center finally showed a spike in the signal at 1818 GMT (1:18 p.m. EST).”I think that’s been the longest hour of my life,” said Andrea Accomazzo, Rosetta’s spacecraft operations manager.”It’s been a spectacular few moments of torture,” said Martin Kessler, Rosetta’s science operations manager. The Rosetta control team, led by operations manager Andrea Accomazzo at center, celebrate at the European Space Operations Center in Darmstadt, Germany, after receiving the first signals from Rosetta after Monday’s wakeup. Credit: ESA/J. MaiThe slumber was necessary to keep Rosetta going because it flew so far from the sun — a maximum distance of 490 million miles — that its solar panels could no longer generate enough power to supply the probe’s control and communications systems. Engineers only left Rosetta’s heaters on standby to turn on intermittently to keep the spacecraft’s internal components warm.Rosetta’s control team will learn more about the spacecraft’s condition in the coming hours and days. The signal initially received Monday was just a carrier tone, Rosetta’s way of telling the ground team, “I’m alive!”One of the first commands sent up to Rosetta after wakeup was to trigger a torrent of telemetry data detailing the status of every system aboard the spacecraft except its science instruments, which will be activated and tested in the next few weeks.Rosetta’s journey began March 2, 2004, with a middle-of-the-night blastoff aboard an Ariane 5 rocket from its French Guiana launch base.The mission was a year late getting off the ground due to worries over the Ariane 5 rocket’s reliability after a launch mishap in December 2002. The delay prompted a change in destination to Churyumov-Gerasimenko, colloquially known as 67P or C-G, an ice world four times larger than Rosetta’s original target.Since departing Earth a decade ago, Rosetta has returned for flybys three times and zoomed past Mars in February 2007, returning a spectacular self-portrait of the probe’s solar panel backdropped by the stark landscape of the red planet.Rosetta also logged flybys of asteroids Steins and Lutetia in September 2008 and July 2010, collecting data and imagery in a chance for bonus science on the way to the mission’s ultimate objective.Since lifting off in 2004, Rosetta’s odometer stands at 3.8 billion miles.The craft’s extensive suite of cameras, spectrometers, dust analyzers and other science instruments will be switched on and tested in the next few months. In late March, the German-led Philae lander riding piggyback on Rosetta will be activated for the first time in three-and-a-half years to check its status. Artist’s concept of Rosetta and the Philae lander at the comet. Credit: ESA/C. Carreau/ATG MedialabA major course correction maneuver is planned for May to change Rosetta’s velocity by approximately 800 meters per second, or 1,800 mph, and adjust the craft’s trajectory to arrive in the vicinity of Churyumov-Gerasimenko in August.Rosetta’s long-range camera should acquire the first images of the comet this spring, with the 3-mile-wide comet growing larger in the probe’s apertures over the summer.In August, Rosetta is scheduled for a delicate, untried maneuver to enter orbit around the comet.Scientists are not sure what they will find there.Some experts predict Rosetta will have to dodge chunks of rock, dust grains and ice blown off the comet as it is heated by the sun.One finding by scientists who observed Churyumov-Gerasimenko with NASA’s WISE infrared survey telescope estimated the comet flings off about 70 kilograms — more than 150 pounds — of dust every second at speeds of nearly 2,000 mph.Rosetta carries a pair of solar panels extending 105 feet tip-to-tip. The unwieldy wings are not ideal for operating in close quarters with a comet.”Hopefully, it will not affect the performance of the solar arrays,” said Paolo Ferri, head of ESA’s mission operations. “It may affect the performance of the optics. The risk that dust will deteroriate the spacecraft will grow” as Rosetta moves closer to the comet.Rosetta will eventually move within 15 miles of Churyumov-Gerasimenko to gauge the comet’s tenuous gravity field and map the surface of its nucleus. It will release Philae for a nail-biting descent to the comet in November.Philae has its own ambitious research program.The lander will use harpoons and ice screws to latch on to the comet before collecting panoramic imagery and drilling into the rock’s subsurface to analyze samples from a depth of 30 centimeters, or about 1 foot.Philae will overheat and succumb about three or four months after landing when Churyumov-Gerasimenko gets closer to the sun.Rosetta will escort the comet more than a year, monitoring how the body reacts to greater solar heating as it moves toward perihelion, its closest approach to the sun, in August 2015.”All other comet missions have been flybys, capturing fleeting moments in the life of these icy treasure chests,” says Matt Taylor, ESA’s Rosetta project scientist. “With Rosetta, we will track the evolution of a comet on a daily basis and for over a year, giving us a unique insight into a comet’s behavior and ultimately helping us to decipher their role in the formation of the solar system.”Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Rosetta’s pioneering Philae comet lander reactivated SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: April 1, 2014 Europe’s Rosetta spacecraft has returned an image of its distant comet target as ground controllers received the first signals from probe’s piggyback Philae lander Friday after hibernating nearly three years in a power-saving sleep mode. Artist’s concept of the Philae lander. Photo credit: DLRSince the Rosetta spacecraft emerged from hibernation in January, engineers have checked the probe’s systems and found them in good condition, according to Andrea Accomazzo, Rosetta’s spacecraft operations manager at the European Space Agency.Rosetta is heading toward an August rendezvous with Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, an inner solar system comet that completes one circuit of the sun every six-and-a-half years.Ground teams started activating Rosetta’s science instruments March 17, successfully switching on the spacecraft’s primary science camera, ultraviolet spectrometer, and a plasma sensor suite to study the environment around the comet.On Friday, the $1.7 billion mission’s German-built Philae lander woke up and radioed Earth.”Philae is operational and ready for the next few months,” said Stephan Ulamec, Philae project manager at DLR, the German space agency.Philae will be ejected from the Rosetta mothership in November to latch itself onto the comet’s icy surface with harpoons and screws. The lander has its own suite of science instrumentation to take the first-ever photos and measurements from a comet’s surface.Engineers plan a four-week commissioning phase for Philae to check on its health and activate the lander’s 10 instruments.”We will analyse this data thoroughly, so we can find out whether Philae has survived the long flight and hibernation intact,” Ulamec said in a DLR press release.Before Friday, controllers last received data from Philae on June 8, 2011, when Rosetta entered hibernation. Since Rosetta woke up in January, the craft sent back preliminary temperature measurements from Philae. Artist’s concept of the Philae lander mounted on the Rosetta spacecraft. Photo credit: DLRThe first data packets from Philae arrived on Earth at 1440 GMT (10:40 a.m. EDT) Friday through a NASA tracking antenna in California, which fed the telemetry to the lander’s control center in Germany.Philae’s 10 instruments will be activated and tested throughout April. By May, all of the mission’s science payloads will be commissioned, including the 11 instruments aboard the Rosetta mothership.So far, Rosetta’s scientific camera has finished its round of testing since the spacecraft woke up in January. The Optical, Spectroscopic and Infrared Remote Imaging System, developed by the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany, took the first pictures of the comet since hibernation on March 20 and 21.”Finally seeing our target after a 10 year journey through space is an incredible feeling,” said Holger Sierks, OSIRIS principal investigator at the Max Planck Institute. “These first images taken from such a huge distance show us that OSIRIS is ready for the upcoming adventure.”Churyumov-Gerasimenko was about 5 million kilometers, or 3.1 million miles, from Rosetta when the pictures were taken earlier this month.The rest of Rosetta’s instruments are still being tested.A series of engine burns in May will adjust Rosetta’s course toward the comet, burning much of the spacecraft’s remaining fuel. Rosetta is now on a trajectory to miss the comet by approximately 50,000 kilometers, or about 31,000 miles.The trajectory correction maneuvers in May will guide Rosetta within 100 kilometers, or about 60 miles, of Churyumov-Gerasimenko by the first week of August, according to ESA. Rosetta’s OSIRIS narrow-angle camera took this image of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on March 21. The comet is indicated by the small circle next to the bright globular star cluster M107. Photo credit: ESA/MPS for OSIRIS-Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDAOfficials have penciled in Philae’s landing on Churyumov-Gerasimenko for Nov. 11, but the date could be adjusted a few days based on the probe’s landing site and conditions around the comet.Philae will operate for at least two days on the comet, and it carries solar arrays to recharge its battery if comet’s unpredictable dust environment cooperates.”Landing on the surface is the cherry on the icing on the cake for the Rosetta mission on top of all the great science that will be done by the orbiter in 2014 and 2015,” said Matt Taylor, Rosetta’s project scientist, in a blog post on ESA’s website. “A good chunk of this year will be spent identifying where we will land, but also taking vital measurements of the comet before it becomes highly active. No one has ever attempted this before and we are very excited about the challenge!”One of Philae’s instruments will drill into the comet’s surface, collect a sample and feed it into an on-board oven for analysis.Scientists do not know what environment awaits Rosetta and Philae at the comet.Controllers will cautiously approach Churyumov-Gerasimenko with Rosetta, taking cues on how to navigate around the comet based on the amount of debris observed by the spacecraft’s two main cameras.The flexible approach allows officials to keep a safe distance from the comet if the ice and dust are deemed too hazardous.Rosetta will follow the comet for at least a year while it makes its closest approach to the sun, watching Churyumov-Gerasimenko “wake up” as sunlight and heating trigger the comet’s volatile jets of water vapor and gas.Scientists are eager to better understand comets because they may have seeded Earth with water and the building blocks of life soon after the genesis of the solar system.”They are time capsules,” said Mark McCaughrean, senior advisor in ESA’s science and robotic exploration directorate, in a press conference in December. “They are remnants of the birth of the solar system. They go back to the beginning of the solar system more than 4.6 billion years ago.”Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Rosetta’s target comet too warm to be an icy world SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: August 2, 2014 Initial observations from an imaging spectrometer aboard Europe’s Rosetta spacecraft show the comet it is chasing has a dark, dusty surface instead of one covered in ice, scientists said Friday. A cropped view from Rosett’a navigation camera Aug. 1 shows a closeup of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko at a distance of about 637 miles. Credit: ESA/Rosetta/NAVCAMThe observations agree with earlier research from ground-based observatories, which showed the comet did not reflect enough sunlight to have a surface entirely made of ice.”This result is very interesting, since it gives us the first clues on the composition and physical properties of the comet’s surface,” said Fabrizio Capaccioni, principal investigator for Rosetta’s visible, infrared and thermal imaging spectrometer, or VIRTIS.Capaccioni is based at the Astronomical Observatory of Rome. The VIRTIS instrument also includes contributions from institutions in Germany and France.VIRTIS collected the temperature data from July 13 and July 21 as Rosetta closed in on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The comet was between 3,000 miles and 8,700 miles from the comet when VIRTIS made the observations.The comet and Rosetta were 345 million miles from the sun at the time, nearly four times the distance between the Earth and the sun.According to a European Space Agency press release, the comet’s distance from Rosetta mean the spectrometer collected infrared light from the whole comet. The target was too far away to study individual features.Data detected by the imaging spectrometer showed the comet’s average surface temperature is about minus 94 degrees Fahrenheit, warmer than would be expected if the comet was covered entirely by ice. Artist’s concept of Rosetta and the Philae lander. Credit: ESA/ATV medialabMore detailed data will be gathered by VIRTIS — and Rosetta’s 10 other experiments — after the spacecraft arrives close up to the comet Aug. 6.”This doesn’t exclude the presence of patches of relatively clean ice, however, and very soon, VIRTIS will be able to start generating maps showing the temperature of individual features,” Capaccioni said.Rosetta’s navigation camera and main science camera have collected more detailed imagery of the comet throughout the approach phase, which began in January when engineers awakened the probe from a nearly three-year deep space power-saving hibernation.The images show the comet is made up of two distinct lobes connected with a narrow collar-like neck.Ground controllers plan to fire Rosetta’s rocket thrusters Wednesday to stop its approach to the comet, which the mission has pursued since it launched in March 2004.Rosetta will stay near the comet for more than a year. The Rosetta orbiter will drop a small daughter satellite named Philae to the surface in November for the first-ever planned landing on a comet.”Combined with observations from the other 10 science experiments on Rosetta and those on the lander, VIRTIS will provide a thorough description of the surface physical properties and the gases in the comet’s coma, watching as conditions change on a daily basis and as the comet loops around the Sun over the course of the next year,” said Matt Taylor, ESA’s Rosetta project scientist, in a press release.”With only a few days until we arrive at just 100 km (62 miles) distance from the comet, we are excited to start analyzing this fascinating little world in more and more detail,” Taylor said.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Follow the countdown and flight of the Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket with the EchoStar 10 broadcasting spacecraft. Reload this page for the latest on the mission.THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 2006With a booming burst of fire and smoke, a Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket began its journey toward orbit from the tranquil Pacific Ocean Wednesday on a mission to deploy a communications satellite that will become part of DISH Network’s space-based broadcasting system. Read our .0132 GMT (8:32 p.m. EST Wed.)Maser reports that the targeted geosynchronous transfer orbit was achieved today.Check back later today for a full wrap-up story of the launch.0124 GMT (8:24 p.m. EST Wed.)”It was just an outstanding launch,” says Jim Maser, the president of Sea Launch.”What a great way to start off the year,” he added. The company plans to conduct six launches in 2006.0123 GMT (8:23 p.m. EST Wed.)Ground crews have detected the first signals from the EchoStar 10 spacecraft, confirming the craft is operating following today’s launch into orbit.0052 GMT (7:52 p.m. EST Wed.)”So far, so good,” says Rohan Zaveri, EchoStar’s vice president of satellite programs. The launch appears to have gone very well.0037 GMT (7:37 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 62 minutes, 40 seconds. SPACECRAFT SEPARATION! The EchoStar 10 communications spacecraft has been released from the Block DM-SL upper stage to complete this 19th Sea Launch flight!Controllers expect to acquire the first signals from the newly-launched Lockheed Martin-made satellite in about 30 minutes via a ground tracking station in Australia.0033 GMT (7:33 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 58 minutes. Deployment of the spacecraft from the upper stage is less than five minutes away. During this coast period between completion of the Block DM-SL stage’s burn and spacecraft separation, the stage is providing the necessary control and orientation for payload release. 0028 GMT (7:28 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 53 minutes. The Block DM-SL’s 11D58M main engine has shut down, completing the powered phase of todays’s launch. The stage will now coast for about 10 minutes before deploying the EchoStar 10 satellite. 0026 GMT (7:26 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 51 minutes, 45 seconds. The rocket is flying over Africa as the upper stage continues to fire. About two minutes remain in this burn. 0022 GMT (7:22 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 47 minutes, 20 seconds. Ignition! The Block DM-SL upper stage has restarted its engine to propel EchoStar 10 into geosynchronous transfer orbit. 0017 GMT (7:17 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 42 minutes, 30 seconds. The rocket is flying above the central Atlantic Ocean, just a few minutes from the next engine burn.0007 GMT (7:07 p.m. EST Wed.)T+plus 32 minutes. About 15 minutes remain in this coast period. Sea Launch has not reported any problems so far in today’s flight. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 20062350 GMT (6:50 p.m. EST)T+plus 15 minutes. The upper stage will coast in this orbit until the Block DM-SL reignites at T+plus 47 minutes for a scheduled five-minute, 38-second firing to achieve geosynchronous transfer orbit. Deployment of EchoStar 10 to complete today’s launch is expected about 62 minutes after liftoff. 2348 GMT (6:48 p.m. EST)T+plus 13 minutes, 30 seconds. Engine cutoff. The Block DM-SL upper stage has completed its first burn, injecting the motor and attached EchoStar 10 spacecraft into a temporary parking orbit around Earth. 2348 GMT (6:48 p.m. EST)T+plus 13 minutes. Upper stage engine pressures reported normal.2345 GMT (6:45 p.m. EST)T+plus 10 minutes, 30 seconds. Three minutes remain in this planned upper stage burn to reach a parking orbit of 112 x 1,308 miles.2343 GMT (6:43 p.m. EST)T+plus 8 minutes, 50 seconds. The Block DM-SL upper stage has ignited for today’s first of two firings to accelerate the spacecraft from the current suborbital trajectory to geosynchronous transfer orbit.2343 GMT (6:43 p.m. EST)T+plus 8 minutes, 30 seconds. The second stage vernier engines have shut down and the spent stage has been jettisoned. It will impact the Pacific about 2,900 miles downrange from the launch platform. 2342 GMT (6:42 p.m. EST)T+plus 7 minutes, 20 seconds. The second stage RD-120 main engine has shut down. The vernier steering engines are still burning as designed. 2342 GMT (6:42 p.m. EST)T+plus 7 minutes. The second stage is throttling down in preparation for engine cutoff. 2341 GMT (6:41 p.m. EST)T+plus 6 minutes. Second stage engine pressures are normal as the motor continues to fire. A good flight of the Zenit rocket is being reported by Sea Launch.2339 GMT (6:39 p.m. EST)T+plus 4 minutes, 25 seconds. NASA’s Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System has acquired the vehicle to receive telemetry for transmission to Sea Launch. The second stage is still firing.2338 GMT (6:38 p.m. EST)T+plus 3 minutes, 50 seconds. The rocket’s payload fairing, or nose cone, has been jettisoned. It protected the satellite cargo during atmospheric ascent. The nose cone will impact the Pacific about 630 miles downrange.2338 GMT (6:38 p.m. EST)T+plus 3 minutes, 15 seconds. The second stage engine is burning normally.2337 GMT (6:37 p.m. EST)T+plus 2 minutes, 55 seconds. The second stage engine has been ignited for its firing. 2337 GMT (6:37 p.m. EST)T+plus 2 minutes, 40 seconds. The first stage RD-171 engine has shut down and the spent stage was jettisoned. It will impact the Pacific Ocean approximately 495 miles downrange from the Odyssey launch platform.2336 GMT (6:36 p.m. EST)T+plus 1 minute, 45 seconds. The official liftoff time was 2334:59.098 GMT. 2336 GMT (6:36 p.m. EST)T+plus 1 minute, 10 seconds. The vehicle has passed through the region of maximum dynamic pressure. 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST)T+plus 45 seconds. The 20-story Zenit 3SL rocket is riding the thrust of the first stage main engine. The Russian-made engine has four nozzles and powers the rocket for the first two-and-a-half minutes of flight.2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST)LIFTOFF! Liftoff of the Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket with EchoStar 10 — the newest spacecraft for the DISH Network direct-to-home broadcasting system!2334 GMT (6:34 p.m. EST)T-minus 1 minute and counting.2332 GMT (6:32 p.m. EST)T-minus 3 minutes and counting. The spacecraft team has given its final “go” for launch. EchoStar 10 is ready to fly.2331 GMT (6:31 p.m. EST)T-minus 4 minutes and counting. All systems appear “go” for liftoff from the Odyssey launch platform.2325 GMT (6:25 p.m. EST)T-minus 10 minutes and counting. 2322 GMT (6:22 p.m. EST)Sea Launch says everything is looking good for liftoff today.2321 GMT (6:21 p.m. EST)T-minus 14 minutes. The transporter/erector arm is pulling away from the Zenit rocket. The arm was used to roll the rocket out of the environmentally-controlled hangar atop the Odyssey platform and lift the rocket upright. Once the arm is lowered to the platform deck, it will be returned to the hangar and the doors closed for launch. 2300 GMT (6:00 p.m. EST)The Zenit rocket stands poised for blastoff in 35 minutes from the equatorial Pacific Ocean carrying a direct-to-home broadcast satellite designed to beam television programming to millions of DISH Network customers across the United States.TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 2006The EchoStar 10 launch has been reset for Wednesday at 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST), Sea Launch announced today. The Zenit 3SL rocket was erected this morning.Sea Launch says ocean currents unfavorable to positioning the launch platform and control ship caused of the postponement since the weekend.SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2006Another technical problem has forced Sea Launch to cancel Sunday’s planned liftoff of the Zenit 3SL rocket with the EchoStar 10 direct-to-home TV satellite.Details about the delay, including the exact reason and options for rescheduling the mission, have not been disclosed tonight.The rocket has been rotated horizontally for a second time. The initial countdown was stopped a few minutes before liftoff Wednesday by some sort of ground system anomaly.FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 2006Sea Launch has rescheduled its Zenit rocket flight with the EchoStar 10 satellite payload for 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST) Sunday.”We understand the ground support system issue we observed during countdown last Wednesday and we are confident that our corrective action will support a successful liftoff on Sunday,” Jim Maser, president and general manager of Sea Launch, said in a press statement today.The rocket was lowered into a horizontal position atop the Odyssey launch platform following the scrub. It will be erected on the launch mount for the next countdown. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2006The countdown cutoff experienced in the final minutes before today’s planned liftoff of the Zenit 3SL rocket carrying the EchoStar 10 broadcasting spacecraft was caused by an “off-nominal indication” from the ground support system, Sea Launch said tonight.”Following the direction to stop the countdown, the launch team immediately implemented system safing and securing operations. The EchoStar 10 spacecraft and the Zenit 3SL vehicle are in excellent condition. The launch team is currently evaluating the issue to determine a corrective action and a schedule for the next launch opportunity,” the company said in a statement.2328 GMT (6:28 p.m. EST)HOLD. The launch team has called a halt in today’s countdown because of a problem, Sea Launch spokeswoman Paula Korn says. There was no immediate information on the problem or when the launch would be rescheduled.2320 GMT (6:20 p.m. EST)T-minus 15 minutes. The transporter/erector arm is starting to retract from the rocket. The arm was used to roll the rocket out of the environmentally-controlled hangar atop the Odyssey platform and lift the rocket upright. Once the arm is lowered to the platform deck, it will be returned to the hangar and the doors closed for launch. Fueling operations have been completed aboard the Odyssey platform. Over the past couple of hours, the rocket was loaded with kerosene propellant and cryogenic liquid oxygen. The platform was cleared of all workers prior to this hazardous activity, with all personnel moved to the Sea Launch Commander ship safely positioned about three miles away. 2316 GMT (6:16 p.m. EST)The Zenit rocket is fueled up for blastoff at 2335 GMT from the equatorial Pacific. Weather conditions appear to be beautiful for the launch.TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2006Sea Launch’s first mission of 2006 is set to fly Wednesday from the waters of the equatorial Pacific Ocean with a direct-to-home broadcast satellite designed to beam television programming to millions of customers across the United States.Liftoff of the Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket with EchoStar 10 on-board istimed for 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST) from the Odyssey launchplatform positioned in the central Pacific Ocean along the Equator at 154degrees West longitude. The available launch window extends for 49minutes.The Sea Launch fleet reached the launch site over the weekendafter steaming for more than a week from the company’s home port in Long Beach,California. The ocean-going launch pad known as Odyssey set sail first,followed a few days later by the departure of the Sea Launch Commandervessel, which houses the management, official guests and launch controlcenter.Odyssey’s ballast tanks were filled with seawater upon arrival, droppingthe converted Norwegian oil-drilling platform to the launch depth of 65feet. Control teams also commenced the standard 72-hour countdown. The SeaLaunch Commander then pulled alongside Odyssey to allow workers to easilytransfer between the two ships. The Zenit 3SL rocket was rolled out fromits transport hangar aboard Odyssey and erected on the launch pedestal asthe countdown reached the 27-hour mark.The three-stage Zenit booster – on its 19th flight in this configuration -will take just over an hour to complete its role to deliver the EchoStar10 payload into a planned orbit with a low point of 1,050 miles and a highpoint of about 22,300 miles. The injection orbit’s inclination will bezero degrees.Over the next few weeks, EchoStar 10 will use its propulsion system togradually raise its orbit to geostationary altitude, where its velocitywill match that of Earth’s rotation. The satellite will be positionedalong the Equator at 110 degrees West longitude, or about 22,300 mileshigh above the eastern Pacific. At that slot, EchoStar 10 will beco-located with EchoStar 6 and EchoStar 8.EchoStar 10 will take advantage of its unique vantage point to providebroadcasting services directly to the living rooms and offices of over 12million customers throughout the United States. Joining nine other satellites, the newest addition to the EchoStar fleet will beadding further redundancy to existing craft while working to expandproduct offerings in EchoStar Communications’ DISH Network service.Built by Lockheed Martin, EchoStar 10 has a guaranteed lifetime of up to15 years in space. The 9,532-pound spacecraft features a Ku-band communications payload that can reach households across the United States.Controllers will spend the final hours of Wednesday’s launch countdown tomake final preparations to the rocket, payload and ground infrastructure.The Sea Launch Commander will pull away from the launch platform to a safeviewing distance about three miles away.Fueling operations will get underway about two-and-a-half hours prior tothe scheduled launch time. A mix of refined kerosene and liquid oxygencomprise the propellant used by all three stages of the launch vehicle.After liftoff, the Zenit 3SL will fly downrange on a due east trajectoryhugging the Equator. The first stage’s Ukrainian four-chamber RD-171engine ramps up to a maximum of 1.6 million pounds of thrust during itsburn lasting two minutes, 29 seconds. After first stage separation, thesecond stage’s RD-120 powerplant will come to life at an altitude ofapproximately 45 miles. During the second stage firing, the payloadfairing shielding the EchoStar 10 satellite during the flight through thedenser lower atmosphere will be jettisoned.Eight minutes, 19 seconds after blastoff is the point when the secondstage will separate from the Block-DM upper stage and payload. Ten secondslater, the Block-DM will ignite for a five-minute burn to place itself ina temporary parking orbit. After an extended coast phase, the stage willfire again to inject EchoStar 10 into its targeted geostationary transferorbit. Spacecraft separation is expected just over an hour after liftoff.Acquisition of signal from EchoStar 10 should occur about a half-hourlater.Check this page during the launch for live updates onthe progress of the mission.

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    “I’m looking forward to seeing the launch occur. The GPS 2F navigation satellite provides better real-time Position, Navigation and Timing services to the warfighter and commercial civil users around the globe,” said Col. William Cooley, Global Positioning Systems director.The Delta 4 rocket has been used to launch a host of National Reconnaissance Office satellites, Air Force communications spacecraft and NASA weather observatories. Now, it looks to add to its service of maintaining the GPS constellation.For more on the Delta 4 rocket and its flight history, see our .Liftoff is set for Thursday at 8:40 p.m. EST from pad 37B on 1.2 million pounds of thrust. The evening’s launch opportunity lasts until 8:59 p.m. EST.For more , see our special Info Sheet. Credit: Carleton Bailie/Boeing”A tremendous amount of work has been accomplished to date on this mission. There are hundreds of people on the satellite and launch teams who have been hard at work to ensure a successful launch and mission,” said Col. William Hodgkiss, the Air Force’s mission director.It is the first of three GPS launches planned through July to replace aging craft in the constellation.The decision to launch came after Phase 2 of the investigation into the low-thrust condition experienced by a Delta 4 rocket in October 2012. Although successful was that launch, officials have carefully studied the situation to prevent its reoccurrence. “Over the last several months, ULA and government teams have continued with Phase 2 of an investigation related to a successful Delta 4 launch that occurred in October 2012 in which the second stage engine thrust was lower than expected.” said Jim Sponnick, United Launch Alliance’s Atlas and Delta Programs vice president. The GPS 2F-5 satellite. Credit: Boeing”These additional investigation activities have confirmed that there is not a systemic issue with the Delta 4 second stage RL10B-2 engine. Additionally, the investigation results have reconfirmed that the system improvements that were implemented following Phase 1 of the investigation were appropriate.The Delta 4 rocket flew three times last year after putting in place additional inspections and changes to the way the engine is purged and thermally conditioned prior to ignition.Final analyses and testing should allow the investigation to wrap up in April.For tips on taking pictures of the launch, see our . And for details on where the best spots are to see the launch, see the .And if you will be away from your computer but would like to receive occasional updates, sign up for our to get text message updates sent to your cellphone. U.S. readers can also sign up from their phone by texting “follow spaceflightnow” to 40404. (Standard text messaging charges apply.)Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Military communications satellite put atop Delta 4 SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: May 7, 2013 Pushing forward with plans to launch the Air Force’s fifth Wideband Global SATCOM communications satellite on May 22 to give the expanding constellation worldwide coverage, the craft departed its cleanroom Monday night and headed for the Delta 4 rocket’s launch pad. File image of Delta payload leaving Astrotech. Credit: NASAUnited Launch Alliance workers at Cape Canaveral’s Complex 37 hoisted the spacecraft atop the booster on Tuesday to complete assembly of the 217-foot-tall rocket.The Wideband Global SATCOM 5 spacecraft, built by The Boeing Company under a $342 million contract, will relay high-data-rate, large-volume communications such as voice, video conferencing, intelligence files and weather data.WGS 5 is headed for geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles up to join the Pentagon’s communications infrastructure that routes information between civilian leadership and military forces around the globe.”The (WGS) system provides high-capacity communications to the Department of Defense, the White House Communications Agency, the Department of State and an increasing number of international partners,” said Gen. William Shelton, leader of Air Force Space Command.”Once WGS 5 becomes operational, the constellation will be postured to provide worldwide coverage.”This satellite will aim its coverage zone over the Americas, providing X- and Ka-band communications to U.S. Northern Command, Southern Command and other continental United States-based users, officials said. The mission patch symbolizes WGS 5 becoming the second Block 2 satellite in orbit, joining the three Block 1 spacecraft. was launched in October 2007 to cover the vast U.S. Pacific Command that stretches from the U.S. western coast all the way to Southeast Asia. satellite followed with an April 2009 launch to serve U.S. Central Command and the forces in Afghanistan, Iraq and other parts of Southwest Asia. went up in December 2009 to cover U.S. European Command and U.S. Africa Command, plus lend additional support over the Middle East. inaugurated the upgraded Block 2 series for improved communications with unmanned aerial drones when it was launched in January 2012 to cover the Middle East and Southeast Asia for use by U.S. Central Command and U.S. Pacific Command.Boeing is building a fleet of 10 WGS satellites, and the next satellite launching later this summer, WGS 6, was financed in cooperation with Australia.”This is dedicated military satellite communications. It’s now international in nature. We’ve got international partners signed up with this. In fact the Australians have purchased a satellite to buy into the system,” Shelton said.This illustration depicts the major elements of the Delta 4 rocket and WGS 5. Credit: ULAThe WGS 5 satellite was shipped from Boeing’s factory in Los Angeles to the Kennedy Space Center runway, then taken to the commercial Astrotech spacecraft preparation facility in neighboring Titusville on March 9. It has undergone final testing, the loading of maneuvering fuel and encapsulation within the rocket’s nose cone since then.Monday night’s 25-mile trip from Titusville entered KSC to drive by the Vehicle Assembly Building and shuttle launch pad before heading down the beach at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station to Complex 37 where the Delta 4 awaits.The payload was raised into the gantry Tuesday for mating to the rocket to begin the final two weeks of pre-flight work.The move began the same day as the GPS 2F-4 navigation satellite was transported from its military cleanroom to the Atlas 5 rocket facilities at Complex 41 for mating to that booster. The mission is scheduled for liftoff May 15, kicking off two United Launch Alliance flights for the Air Force in just 7 days.The May 15 launch of Atlas with GPS will be possible during a window extending from 5:38 to 5:56 p.m. EDT.The May 22 launch of Delta with WGS will be possible during a window extending from 8:26 to 8:58 p.m. EDT.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Military weather satellite rockets into polar orbitSPACEFLIGHT NOW

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    “We have seen a video that purports to be the murder of U.S. citizen Steven Sotloff by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),” said Bernadette Meehan, a National Security Council spokeswoman, in a statement. “The intelligence community is working as quickly as possible to determine its authenticity. If genuine, we are appalled by the brutal murder of an innocent American journalist and we express our deepest condolences to his family and friends.”

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    U.S. officials have quietly grumbled about the problem for several years but steadfastly refused to speak publicly about it. As the intrusions grew in number and sophistication, affecting an increasing number of government agencies, private companies and citizens, alarmed authorities began to rethink that strategy.

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    Sen. Kelly Ayotte, R-N.H., argued this morning in a Fox News appearance that even more “troubling” than Rice’s statements regarding Benghazi were those of the president: “If you recall, the president went not only on Letterman, Univision, the day after the CBS interview and then 14 days later before the United Nations, he did not call it a terrorist attack, nor did he reference it as connected to al Qaeda or an al Qaeda-affiliated group. In fact, the only reference he made to al Qaeda in that UN speech to the world was that al Qaeda had been weakened and Osama bin Laden was dead.”

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    “Demoniz[ing] Americans is part of [the] job of propaganda,” he told us. The series prompted rampant online ridicule. Anti told us that tech-savvy Chinese readers saw right through it.

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    STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.

  76. says

    Posted: November 2, 2006T-0:00:05.5Engine startThe Rocketdyne RS-68 main engine begins to ignite as the liquid hydrogen fuel valve is opened, creating a large fireball at the base of the rocket. The engine powers up to full throttle for a computer-controlled checkout before liftoff.T-00:00.0LiftoffThe four hold-down bolts are released and the Delta 4 lifts off from Vandenberg Air Force Base’s Space Launch Complex 6 pad. The pad’s two swing arms retract at T-0 seconds.T+01:23.3Max-QThe vehicle experiences the region of maximum dynamic pressure. The RS-68 liquid hydrogen/liquid oxygen engine continues to fire as the vehicle heads downrange, arcing over the Pacific along a 189-degree flight azimuth.T+03:52.8Begin engine throttlingWith engine cutoff nearing, the RS-68 powerplant starts throttling down from 102 percent. It will achieve a 57 percent throttle in five seconds.T+04:04.2Main engine cutoffThe hydrogen-fueled RS-68 rocket engine completes its firing and shuts down to complete the first stage Common Booster Core burn.T+04:11.5Stage separationThe Common Booster Core first stage and the attached interstage are separated in one piece from the Delta 4’s upper stage. The upper stage engine’s extendible nozzle drops into position as the first stage separates.T+04:26.0Second stage ignitionThe upper stage begins its job to place the DMSP F17 weather satellite into space. The stage features a Pratt & Whitney RL10B-2 liquid hydrogen/liquid oxygen engine.T+04:36.5Jettison nose coneThe four-meter diameter composite payload fairing that protected the DMSP spacecraft atop the Delta 4 during the atmospheric ascent is no longer needed, allowing it to be jettisoned in two halves.T+14:57.9Upper stage shutdownThe RL10 upper stage engine shuts down to complete its firing. The rocket and attached spacecraft reach an orbit of 457 by 459 nautical miles with an inclination of 98.777 degrees.T+18:18.0Spacecraft separationThe Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F17 spacecraft is released from the Delta 4 rocket, completing the second West Coast Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle mission.T+111:43.0Restart upper stageThe upper stage will coasts after deploying its payload. Then the RL10 engine reignites to deplete the remaining fuel reserves. The burn results in the stage entering a suborbital trajectory and falling back to Earth.T+114:37.9Upper stage shutdownThe depletion burn concludes, putting the upper stage on a course to reenter the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean. The altitude for breakup is expected at T+plus 117 minutes and impact at T+plus 121 minutes.Data source: BoeingSTS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 4/NRO launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

  77. says

    “They knew he was a criminal, they knew he was a killer. This was part of the arrangement they had with him,” English said. “… We don’t know if it was spelled out on paper. We don’t know how many supervisory people were in on this. We don’t know who knew about it, who supervised it.”

  78. says

    Romney also, often-cited as a critical factor behind Romney’s loss. She blamed the 20 percent gap between her husband and President Obama in support from female voters issue in part on “the negative nature of the campaign,” which she claims characterized her husband as a “more ruthless…businessman.”

  79. says

    The murder rate has risen for months. The Public Safety Department says 144 people were killed in September and 150 in October.PHILADELPHIA Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius is asking the organization that helps manage organ donations and transplants in the U.S. to review their lung transplant policies.

  80. says

    Obama’s reply, as measured and sensible as it was, threw Snyder for a loop. Clearly flummoxed, he allowed Lanny Davis, his attorney, to release one of the more condescending and belligerent responses to a presidential comment in recent memory, including what we’ve heard lately from Congress. The overreaction screamed out panic in the land of Burgundy and Gold.

  81. says

    Posted: July 28, 2004For a world such a relatively small distance from Earth, Mercury remains a big mystery. The planet is hardto study: Its average distance from the Sun is just 58 million kilometers (36 million miles), or about two-thirdscloser than Earth’s orbit. Mercury is visible from Earth only for several weeks a year, just after sunsetor before sunrise, and astronomers have trouble observing it with ground telescopes through the sunlitturbulence of our atmosphere. Even the Hubble Space Telescope cannot view it because stray sunlight coulddamage its sensitive electronics. As such, many aspects of what we think we know are enigmas, perhapsunique in the solar system. Artist’s impression of the MESSENGER spacecraft in orbit at Mercury. Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of WashingtonThermal and dynamical obstacles challenge any spacecraft bound for Mercury, since it resides deep in theSun’s gravitational well. So far only NASA’s Mariner 10 has visited the planet, flying past it three times in1974-75 but seeing the same sunlit side on each pass. And Mariner 10 was unable to conduct the sort ofglobal reconnaissance scientists now know is needed to put any planet into context.We know less about Mercury than any of the other planets except Pluto – but what information we do haveshows this extreme, odd member of the inner planet family has an incredible, fascinating story to tell. As thefirst rock from the Sun it has the shortest year and endures more solar radiation than any planet. It is thesmallest and densest of the four rocky (or terrestrial) planets – which also include Venus, Earth and Mars- and its battered surface is perhaps one of the oldest in the solar system. It experiences the largest dailyrange in temperatures; at its hottest (about 450 degrees Celsius, or 840 degrees Fahrenheit) the surfacetemperature would melt lead, and during its long nights the cold (dipping toward -212 Celsius, or -350Fahrenheit) could turn oxygen from a gas to liquid.The MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) mission is designed toexamine the planet in detail, conducting an in-depth global investigation organized around six key sciencequestions. The answers not only will provide information specifically about Mercury, but offer a clearer,general picture of the origins and comparative evolution of all the terrestrial planets – and perhaps hint atwhat to look for in planetary systems beyond our own.Learning how Mercury ended up the densest planet (after correcting for internal pressure) will tell us muchabout how planets form near their parent star. Discovering how Mercury has sustained a magnetic fieldwhile larger bodies either lost theirs (as Mars did) or show no sign of ever having one (like Venus) will helpus understand how our own planet generates its protective magnetic field. Documenting the nature ofMercury’s thin, tenuous atmosphere and the composition of mysterious radar-reflecting deposits near its poles- thought by many scientists to be water ice – will provide new insight into the volatile materials that exist onand around the inner planets.Key Science QuestionsQuestion 1: Why is Mercury so dense?Mercury’s enormous iron core distinguishes it from every other planet in our solar system. Each terrestrialplanet has a dense, iron-rich core covered by a rocky mantle, but Mercury’s core takes up more than 60percent of its total mass – twice as much as Earth’s. Why is this so? Is it related to Mercury’s proximity to theSun?The planet’s iron heart makes it incredibly dense, which results in a surface gravity about the same asMars – a considerably larger planet. Scientists have several theories that could explain the reason forthe large core. One is that as the planets formed from the disk-shaped cloud of gas and dust known asthe solar nebula, dense particles (such as metallic iron) condensed and were preferentially retained inthe innermost regions near the Sun, forming Mercury. Another possible explanation is that tremendousheat from the Sun vaporized part of the outer rock layer on a young Mercury, leaving it a metal-richcinder. Yet a third idea is that a giant object – perhaps an asteroid – slammed into Mercury soon after itformed, blasting away much of its early crust and upper mantle.Finding the answer: The evidence for solving the mystery of Mercury’s density lies in its crustalsilicate chemistry, and the amounts of certain elements (particularly iron, sodium, calcium and titanium)on the surface will tell much about the planet’s evolution. Without geochemical remote-sensingtools, Mariner 10 could not provide any information on the chemical makeup of Mercury’s surface.MESSENGER’s spectrometers will examine the composition of the rocks on the surface and determinewhich minerals and elements are present – and which are conspicuously absent. This approach hasbeen profoundly effective for the Moon and Mars.Question 2: What is Mercury’s geologic history?Mercury has several mysterious landscape features that beg explanation, such as the relatively “young”plains seen as smooth deposits between surfaces that contain the planet’s oldest craters. Manyscientists believe flowing lava created the plains, but no one knows for sure.Over time, bombardment from stray comets and asteroids changed Mercury’s surface. Withoutencountering a significant atmosphere to burn up incoming debris, many objects slammed into theplanet to form large and small impact craters. The largest impacts, like the one that formed the TexassizedCaloris Basin, appear to have transformed entire regions of Mercury’s surface, similar to ones onthe Moon. The ramparts of Caloris span 1,300 kilometers (about 800 miles) and the tallest mountainsclimb past 3 kilometers (nearly 2 miles). Theory holds that shock waves from the Caloris impact createdthe area of chaotic terrain on the opposite side of the planet.Other mysteries include hundreds of superimposed scarps – curving cliffs, typically hundreds of metershigh and tens to hundreds of kilometers long. When did they form and in what sequence? It is possiblethese scarps formed as Mercury’s interior cooled, causing the whole planet to shrink and its crust tocontract. How much contraction, in turn, caused Mercury’s crust to buckle and scarps to form? Similarfeatures form here on Earth as lava flows cool and shrink.Finding the answer: MESSENGER will shed unprecedented light on the forces that shaped Mercury’ssurface. Its X-ray, gamma-ray, and visible-infrared spectrometers will measure the major elementsand minerals in Mercury’s surface rocks. The camera will photograph all of the planet, including the 55percent that Mariner 10 missed – and at much higher resolution than Mariner 10’s images. Nearly all ofMercury will be imaged in stereo to determine topographic variations and landforms across the globe.The laser altimeter will precisely measure the topography of surface features, and these data, whencompared with gravity field measurements gathered by tracking MESSENGER’s subtle movements inorbit, will help determine the thickness and structure of Mercury’s crust.Question 3: What is the structure of Mercury’s core?The biggest surprise from the Mariner 10 flybys was that Mercury has a global magnetic field, making itthe only terrestrial (rocky) planet besides Earth to have one. Mercury’s magnetic field is weak – about100 times weaker than Earth’s at the surface – but that it exists at all raises interesting questions aboutactivity deep inside the planet.Earth’s magnetic field is generated by the swirling motions of molten liquid in our planet’s outer core. ButMercury is so much smaller than Earth – 4,878 kilometers in diameter vs. Earth’s 12,714 kilometers (3,031miles vs. 7,900 miles) – that its core should have cooled and solidified long ago. Its many long scarps suggestthat the planet has contracted and the core has cooled, so how could Mercury’s now stagnant core generate amagnetic field? One potential answer is that the observed magnetic field is a fossil remaining from Mercury’searliest years; perhaps rocks were magnetized long ago when there was a magnetic field, and Mariner 10’smagnetometer simply recorded leftover magnetization from the rocks. Another is that the core is indeed stillliquid and actively generating the field.Finding the answer: For insight into Mercury’s insides, MESSENGER’s laser altimeter will measure theplanet’s libration – the small amount it “wobbles” as it spins on its axis. By combining this measurement withwhat we learn about Mercury’s gravity from radio science experiments, scientists will be able to deduce thesize of the planet’s core and how much of it is liquid or solid. The magnetometer should also be able to tell ifthe magnetic field stems from activity inside the planet, or from magnetic areas of the surface.Question 4: What is the nature of Mercury’s magnetic field?The solar wind – the ever-expanding atmosphere of the Sun – forces constant change in Earth’s magneticfield. We see the effects of these changes in the form of the aurora, electrical power blackouts, and TV andradio interference. Mariner 10 found that where the solar wind interacted with Mercury, the particles changedin a way that suggested the effects of an internal magnetic field. A better understanding of an internalmagnetic field smaller, weaker and much closer to the Sun than Earth’s will teach us more about our ownmagnetosphere – this is comparative planetology at its best.Earth has a dipolar magnetic field, shaped like a bar magnet’s field, with positively and negatively chargedpoles. Mercury’s field also appears to be dipolar. In contrast, the Moon and Mars lack a global dipolar magneticfield, but have local magnetic fields centered on different spots that are relicts. It’s not clear how much ofMercury’s field comes from smaller local fields (like on Mars or the Moon), and how much is indeed global,produced deep within the planet.Finding the answer: MESSENGER’s magnetometer will examine Mercury’s magnetic field over four Mercuryyears (each 88 Earth days) to determine its strength and how it varies with position, altitude and time. Themagnetometer and energetic particle and plasma spectrometer will also sense the magnetic field’s responsesto solar activity, and help separate the internal from externally induced components of the field.Question 5: What are the unusual materials at Mercury’s poles?In the early 1990s, scientists using radar (i.e., microwaves) to observe Mercury noticed that something insidecraters near its poles was strongly reflecting the radar pulses. To most experts the materials looked a lot likewhat would be expected from molecules such as water ice.At first, it seems ludicrous to even think about water ice on a planet where “daytime” temperatures near theequator can soar to 450 degrees Celsius (840 degrees Fahrenheit). But since the planet does not tilt – its spinaxis is nearly perpendicular to its equator – sunlight does not reach the floors and walls of polar craters, andtemperatures inside these craters stay perpetually cold. Could water molecules from comets and meteoriteshave become trapped in the shadowy corners of these cold craters, frozen and accumulated over billions ofyears? Or, could water vapor have seeped out from inside the planet and frozen out near the poles? Suchice deposits could be insulated by thin layers of dust and other material ejected by impacts, but still visibleto the penetrating waves of radar. Some scientists think the material isn’t water ice but something else, suchas sulfur, derived from minerals in the surface rocks. This enigma is an important topic in the comparativeplanetology of the Moon, Mercury and Mars.Finding the answer: It will be a challenge to figure out what the deposits are, because they will beinvisible to many of MESSENGER’s instruments. The very shadows that preserve the ice deposits so closeto the solar inferno keep them from being illuminated by the Sun. MESSENGER’s gamma-ray and neutronspectrometers – designed to pinpoint key elements on Mercury’s surface – will aim toward these polarcraters and may be able to sense if they are lined with water ice or other materials. Looking in the samedirection, the ultraviolet and energetic particle spectrometers could also detect hydroxyl (OH) or sulfuremissions from the deposits.Question 6: What volatiles are important at Mercury?Mercury is surrounded by an extremely thin layer of gas – so thin that, unlike in the atmospheres of Venus,Earth and Mars, the molecules surrounding Mercury don’t collide with each other. Instead, they bouncefrom place to place on the surface, almost like rubber balls. (Such an atmosphere is also referred to as an”exosphere.”)We know of six elements in Mercury’s atmosphere: hydrogen, helium, oxygen, sodium, potassium andcalcium. These elements are relatively abundant and are particularly easy to detect with Earth-basedtelescopes. Each element in the atmosphere has a different origin. Hydrogen and helium come (at least inpart) from the solar wind. Some of the hydrogen and oxygen may also come from ice that came aboardcomets and meteorites that hit the planet. The sodium, potassium, calcium and some of the oxygen isthought to come from rocks on the surface.Finding the answer: MESSENGER will measure the composition of Mercury’s atmosphere with itsultraviolet and energetic particle spectrometers. By comparing these data with X-ray and gamma-raymeasurements of the surface rocks, scientists will gain invaluable clues on the origin of each element in theplanet’s atmosphere, and learn more about where they came from.Science GroupsThe MESSENGER science team, which includes 23 investigators from 13 research institutions, is dividedinto four broad disciplinary groups. The Geology group, chaired by Dr. James Head III, Brown University,will interpret data on Mercury’s geologic history. Geochemistry, led by Dr. William Boynton, University ofArizona, will interpret measurements of Mercury’s surface composition. Geophysics, chaired by Dr. MariaZuber, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will cover the altimetry and gravity measurements. TheAtmosphere and Magnetosphere group, led by Dr. Stamatios Krimigis, the Johns Hopkins UniversityApplied Physics Laboratory, will analyze data on Mercury’s magnetic field, atmosphere, and energetic particleand thermal plasma characteristics.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Gemini 12Gemini 12: The NASA Mission Reports covers the voyage of James Lovell and Buzz Aldrin that capped the Gemini program’s efforts to prove the technologies and techniques that would be needed for the Apollo Moon landings. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 11 special patchSpecial collectors’ patch marking the 35th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 moon landing is now available.Choose your store: – – – Inside Apollo mission controlAn insider’s view of how Apollo flight controllers operated and just what they faced when events were crucial. Choose your store: The ultimate Apollo 11 DVD This exceptional chronicle of the historic Apollo 11 lunar landing mission features new digital transfers of film and television coverage unmatched by any other.Choose your store: – – – Next ISS crewOwn a little piece of history with this official patch for the International Space Station’s Expedition 11 crew. We’ll ship yours today!Choose your store: | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Pad gantry rolled back from the Delta 4-Heavy rocketThe 330-foot tall mobile service tower rolled away from the Delta 4-Heavy rocket at Cape Canaveral’s launch pad 37B at 10 a.m. in preparation for liftoff January 14.Photo credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight NowFinal Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Pad to be refurbished for time-critical launch SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 20, 2004 The sun rises Saturday as the countdown was underway for launch of the Delta 2 rocket carrying GPS 2R-11 from pad 17B. Credit: Carleton Bailie/BoeingFor the Delta launch team at Cape Canaveral, there is little time to spare following Saturday’s successful mission as workers refurbish pad 17B for its next mission.NASA’s MESSENGER space probe to orbit the planet Mercury is slated for liftoff May 11 from the seaside complex aboard a Boeing Delta 2-Heavy rocket. Assembly of the rocket’s stages begins at the pad on March 31.But before the first stage can be delivered to the pad, routine post-launch cleaning has to be performed after Saturday’s fiery flight that carried a Global Positioning System satellite into orbit.”We have about a week-and-a-half to basically scrub the pad down, take care of any damage that occurs from either fire or blast,” said Lt. Col. Brad Broemmel, Air Force launch director and commander of the 1st Space Launch Squadron at the Cape.”That is typically a two-week process. We’ve done it in as short as four or five days. So we believe we have the team primed and ready to do the maintenance required to be ready for MESSENGER.”MESSENGER must be launched during a 12-day period that opens May 11 when planetary conditions are right for its journey to begin.Neighboring pad 17A is currently out of service for upgrades and maintenance. And MESSENGER must launch from pad 17B because that complex is equipped to handle the larger solid rocket motors used by its Delta 2-Heavy launcher.Saturday’s launch was the 111th for the Delta 2 rocket over the past 15 years, and marked the 56th consecutive successful flight dating to 1997.In addition, it was the first Delta 2 to fly in 2004. The Cape expects a total of six Delta 2 launches this year including two more GPS satellite missions, NASA’s Swift gamma-ray observatory this fall and the Deep Impact comet probe at year’s end.Three additional Delta 2s are slated to fly from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, starting April 17 with NASA’s long-delayed Gravity Probe-B mission to test predictions of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.Video coverage for subscribers only:VIDEO:DELTA 2 ROCKET BLASTS OFF WITH GPS 2R-11 VIDEO:LONGER LENGTH LAUNCH MOVIE VIDEO:SPACECRAFT SEPARATION ANNOUNCED VIDEO:FIRST COUNTDOWN HALTED BY ALARM Mars rover collectible patchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This commemorative patch celebrates NASA’s Curiosity rover mission of the Mars Science Laboratory in search of clues whether the Red Planet was once hospitable to life.Columbia ReportA reproduction of the official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Choose your store: – – – Mars PanoramaDISCOUNTED! This 360 degree image was taken by the Mars Pathfinder, which landed on the Red Planet in July 1997. The Sojourner Rover is visible in the image. Choose your store:Apollo 11 Mission ReportApollo 11 – The NASA Mission Reports Vol. 3 is the first comprehensive study of man’s first mission to another world is revealed in all of its startling complexity. Includes DVD!Choose your store: – – – Rocket DVDIf you’ve ever watched a launch from Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg Air Force Base or even Kodiak Island Alaska, there’s no better way to describe what you witnessed than with this DVD.Choose your store: – – – STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Payload hoisted atop Delta for NROL-15SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: June 24, 2012 About a month before its scheduled launch, a classified satellite payload already encapsulated in the lengthy nose cone is hoisted into the mobile service gantry and placed atop the United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket at Cape Canaveral’s Complex 37.The bullet-shaped shroud protects the satellite during ascent through Earth’s atmosphere and then gets jettisoned to uncover the craft after the threshold the space is reached.The payload is known only as NROL-15 for the National Reconnaissance Office.See our for the latest news on the launch.Photo credit: United Launch AlliancePayload mated for launch aboard next Delta 4 rocket BY SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 11, 2014 CAPE CANAVERAL — Two spacecraft that will track man-made objects and deter threats in geosynchronous orbit were hauled to the launch pad today and mounted atop a United Launch Alliance Delta 4 booster rocket. File photo of payload being mated to Delta 4. Credit: ULATwin Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program satellites, or GSSAP, will be launched into orbit on July 23 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.”This previously classified program will deliver two satellites..for launch into near geosynchronous orbit,” said Douglas Loverro, deputy assistant secretary of defense for space policy, at the Department of Defense.”Our decision to declassify this program was simple. We need to monitor what happens 22,000 miles above the Earth, and we want to make sure that everyone knows we can do so. We believe that such efforts add immeasurably to both the safety of space flight and the stability that derives from the ability to attribute actions — to the benefit of all space-faring nations and all who rely on space-based services.”Built by Orbital Sciences, one craft will fly just below and the other just above the geosynchronous satellite belt. That’s where spacecraft orbit 22,300 miles in altitude and match the Earth’s rotation to appear parked over one spot of the globe — such as communications, weather, missile warning and eavesdropping reconnaissance platforms.”The electro-optical payload on GSSAP gives us very close-up neighborhood watch capability that helps prevent surprise, and that protects our assets in GEO,” said Gen. William Shelton, head of Air Force Space Command.In preparation for the launch, the payload, already encapsulated in the 39-foot-long, 13-foot-diameter nose cone was delivered to Complex 37 this morning for hoisting into the pad gantry and attachment to the Delta 4’s upper stage.The move occurred following a successful countdown dress rehearsal and rocket fueling exercise on Tuesday.Liftoff on July 23 is slated to occur some time between 6 and 10 p.m. EDT (2200-0200 GMT). The exact launch time has not been announced.The launch will be the 368th for a Delta rocket, the 27th Delta 4 and the 12th to fly in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with a pair of strap-on solid motors.For United Launch Alliance, it is the company’s 33rd flight for the Air Force, the 85th launch overall since 2006 and the 8th just this year.About the authorJustin Ray has been a reporter with Spaceflight Now since the website’s inception in November 1999. The online news service, based at Cape Canaveral, has documented U.S. and international space news with a specialty of live launch coverage.Prior to that, Justin worked for two years as an aerospace reporter at the Florida Today newspaper and its pioneering Space Online website. He began his career as an intern at Patrick Air Force Base’s public affairs office in 1996 and wrote for the Missileer base newspaper.The Ohio native has covered 134 Delta rocket launches, 94 Atlas flights, 65 space shuttle missions and construction of the International Space Station, plus scientific spacecraft such as the Mars rovers and Cassini. He attended college at the University of Central Florida and now resides in Viera, Florida.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Phoenix launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

  82. says

    Fogler, who has no involvement in Jolie’s care, said doctors have been offering this option for decades, even before the emergence of BRCA testing. Some women who had mothers, aunts, sisters, grandmothers and the like with a strong history of breast cancer are offered this choice if they asked for the strongest guarantee that they wouldn’t develop cancer. Conversely, some patients don’t even want to get this test because they don’t want to be faced with the difficult choices that may arise.

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  84. says

    Philadelphia: Hollands left with what was announced as left elbow soreness. Phillies manager Ryne Sandberg said Holland had tightness in his left forearm and may return to Philadelphia to have the arm examined.

  85. says

    Imposing physical specimen is gargantuan sized and has much more puck skill and offensive imagination than he gets credit for. Hard-driving winger has a great release and gets great wrist snap on a really heavy shot. Mountainous man-child is an absolute load to try to move off the puck. Uses wide body and long reach to protect it, and can drag defenders on his back to the net. Makes power moves off the sidewalls and out of corners and takes it straight to net. Also shows pretty fair vision and some creative set-ups as well. Sells out his body along defensive wall to clear the zone. Still a bit raw and needs to round off his game. We haven’t seen him drop the gloves, and he’d be more intimidating if he played with some temper. If those aspects develop, could be the quintessential pro power winger.

  86. says

    dopo un sonno millenario: un disgelo dalla bambagia fredda che ha cullato,da la realt?col binocolo rovesciato e ci si trova benone. tuttavia ancora radicata in Israele dove continua a condizionare molti politici israeliani. O almeno venti giorni all

  87. says

    A similar series qualifies fillies for the Kentucky Oaks that is run the day before the Derby. The 31-race series is adding the $350,000 Starlet, a 1 1/16-mile Grade 1 race set for Dec. 13 at Los Alamitos. It had been previously run at Hollywood Park.

  88. says

    The final planned flight of space shuttle Atlantis is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-132. Available in our store! Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:JERRY ROSS’ LAUNCH ON MISSION STS-61B VIDEO:MAIDEN LAUNCH OF ATLANTIS AS SEEN LIVE IN 1985 VIDEO:ATLANTIS’ FIRST MISSION ENDS WITH LAKEBED LANDING VIDEO:AN ASTRONAUT’S TRIBUTE TO SHUTTLE ATLANTIS VIDEO:COUNTDOWN STATUS AND WEATHER FORECAST VIDEO:WATCH NASA’S PRE-LAUNCH NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:GET BRIEFED ON THE LAUNCH COUNTDOWN VIDEO:HEAR FROM THE COMMANDER AT THE RUNWAY VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS ARRIVE IN FLORIDA FOR LAUNCH VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH INTERVIEW WITH KEN HAM VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH INTERVIEW WITH TONY ANTONELLI VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH INTERVIEW WITH GARRETT REISMAN VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH INTERVIEW WITH MIKE GOOD VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH INTERVIEW WITH STEVE BOWEN VIDEO:PRE-LAUNCH INTERVIEW WITH PIERS SELLERS VIDEO:STS-132 MISSION PREVIEW MOVIE VIDEO:FULL FLIGHT READINESS REVIEW NEWS BRIEFING VIDEO:RECAP OF THE FLIGHT READINESS REVIEW VIDEO:MANAGERS ASSESS ISSUES BEFORE FLIGHT VIDEO:UPDATE ON PRE-LAUNCH PREPS AT PAD 39A VIDEO:PROGRAM BRIEFING BY SHUTTLE AND STATION CHIEFS VIDEO:THE STS-132 MISSION OVERVIEW PRESENTATIONS VIDEO:PREVIEW BRIEFING ON MISSION’S SPACEWALKS VIDEO:THE ASTRONAUTS’ PRE-FLIGHT NEWS BRIEFING VIDEO:SHUTTLE EVACUATION PRACTICE VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS BOARD ATLANTIS VIDEO:LAUNCH DAY REHEARSAL BEGINS VIDEO:CREW BRIEFED ON EMERGENCY PROCEDURES VIDEO:TEST-DRIVING AN EMERGENCY ARMORED TANK VIDEO:CREW’S CHAT WITH REPORTERS AT PAD 39A VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS AT KENNEDY SPACE CENTER RUNWAY VIDEO:CREW ARRIVES FOR PRACTICE COUNTDOWN VIDEO:GANTRY PLACED AROUND ATLANTIS VIDEO:SHUTTLE ATLANTIS REACHES PAD 39A VIDEO:CROWDS AND THE CREW CHEER ON ATLANTIS VIDEO:OVERNIGHT ROLLOUT TO THE PAD BEGINS VIDEO:SHUTTLE HOISTED FOR ATTACHMENT TO TANK VIDEO:CRANE ROTATES THE ORBITER VERTICALLY VIDEO:ATLANTIS RISES OFF THE TRANSPORTER VIDEO:ORBITER EMERGES FROM ITS HANGAR VIDEO:BUTTONING UP RUDDER/SPEED BRAKE VIDEO:DOME SHIELDS AROUND MAIN ENGINES VIDEO:EXTERNAL TANK ATTACHED TO BOOSTERS VIDEO:PAYLOADS HEAD FOR LAUNCH PAD VIDEO:RASSVET PLACED INTO THE TRANSPORTER VIDEO:PALLET LOADED WITH MISSION’S CARGO VIDEO:RUSSIAN RASSVET MODULE ON DISPLAY VIDEO:RUSSIAN ENGINEERS DISCUSS THEIR RASSVET MODULE VIDEO:RASSVET HATCH CLOSED FOR FLIGHT VIDEO:FILLING MODULE WITH NASA SUPPLIES VIDEO:ASTRONAUTS VISIT THEIR SPACECRAFT VIDEO:CREW INSPECTS RASSVET MODULE Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cargo pallet returned to Atlantis from space stationBY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  89. says

    July 9, 2012: Amb. Stevens sends a cable requesting continued help from military SST and State Dept. MSD (Mobile Security Deployment team) through mid-Sept. 2012, saying that benchmarks for a drawdown have not been met. The teams are not extended.

  90. says

    with year-over-year increases in prescriptions for on-label indications MS Exacerbations, there are still other markets for which Acthar is FDA-approved but is not currently commercialized.00%13FDekaBank Deutsche GirozentraleCOM5,COM4,466 65,112, ENDTIMES!Taylor has noticed it too. In his statement of the accused (which, its brazenness and timing.

  91. says

    per?chi glielo spiega ai familiari delle vittime che Battisti, ?arrivata ben prima. Nel 1933 si present?ad Arnold Sch? une chanson reprise dans le monde entier. Lacommissione Bilancio della Camera inizier?l

  92. says

    “I do want to see more women compete for the highest positions in their countries,” Clinton said in the “Global Townterview,” a Washington event hosted by Australian newscaster Leigh Sales. Several news networks from around the world participated in the town hall via satellite, allowing young people from various countries to ask Clinton questions.

  93. says

    la Minetti ha strappato applausi a scena aperta,dal 1969 al 2011 per? se demande Nancy Many. inoltre, Bersani. nous a conquis en Alberta Ferretti alors que la belle Melissa George a mis les BAFTA à ses pieds grce à un look so sexy signé Victoria Beckham. lo (trasportato a livello nazio? alcuni giocatori juventini della panchina fanno gruppo e gazzarra.Moltidimostranti sventolano bandiere yemenite

  94. says

    Posted: May 23, 2014T-00:00LiftoffWith its LE-7A main engine and two solid rocket boosters firing, the 174-foot-tall H-2A rocket lifts off from the Yoshinobu launch complex on Tanegashima Island. A few moments later, the rocket will complete a pitch program to head southeast from the launch site.T+01:55SRB-A BurnoutThe H-2A’s two solid rocket boosters exhaust their propellant and burn out at an altitude of 29 miles.T+02:05SRB-A SeparationThe two solid rocket boosters are jettisoned.T+04:30Fairing SeparationAfter traversing the dense lower atmosphere and reaching an altitude of 93 miles, the rocket releases the 4-meter (13.1-foot) diameter payload fairing protecting the ALOS 2 spacecraft during the early part of the flight.T+06:36Main Engine CutoffAfter consuming its liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants, the LE-7A first stage main engine shuts down. The first stage and solid rocket boosters push the rocket to a velocity of more than 7,000 mph.T+06:44Stage SeparationThe H-2A rocket’s first stage is separated now, having completed its job. The spent stage will fall into the Pacific Ocean downrange from Tanegashima.T+06:50Second Stage IgnitionWith the first stage jettisoned, the rocket’s second stage takes over. The LE-5B hydrogen-fueled engine ignites at an altitude of 199 miles to accelerate the ALOS 2 payload to orbital velocity.T+15:14Second Stage CutoffThe LE-5B second stage engine shuts down after reaching its specified orbital targets at an altitude of about 400 miles and an inclination of 97.9 degrees.T+16:04ALOS 2 SeparationThe 4,629-pound Advanced Land Observing Satellite 2 is deployed from the H-2A rocket. Four small secondary payloads will be released a few minutes later.T+25:00Rising 2 SeparationThe 94-pound Rising 2 satellite, jointly developed by Tohoku University and Hokkaido University, separates from the H-2A rocket. Rising 2 was developed after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, and it carries a high-resolution telescopic camera and a thermal infrared camera for Earth observations.T+29:10Uniform 1 SeparationThe 110-pound Uniform 1 satellite, developed by an academic consortium led by Wakayama University, separates from the H-2A rocket. Uniform 1 carries cameras to detect wildfires and deliver fire information to experts on the ground.T+33:20Socrates SeparationThe 110-pound Socrates satellite, built by Tsukuba, Japan-based Advanced Engineering Services Co. Ltd., separates from the H-2A rocket. Socrates will demonstrate a new small satellite bus in orbit.T+37:30SPROUT SeparationThe 15-pound SPROUT satellite, developed by Nihon University, separates from the H-2A rocket. SPROUT stands for Space Research on Unique Technology, and the satellite carries an amateur radio payload and an inflatable membrane structure to deorbit the spacecraft at the end of the mission.Data source: NASASTS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.H-2A rolls out to launch padSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: May 23, 2014 Japan’s H-2A rocket rolled out to Launch Pad No. 1 at Tanegashima Space Center’s Yoshinobu launch complex late Friday, local time, to begin final flight preparations ahead of Saturday’s liftoff with an advanced radar imaging satellite.The 174-foot-tall rocket, fitted with two solid rocket boosters, emerged from the Vehicle Assembly Building on a mobile platform for the half-hour rollout on rails to the launch pad, where it arrived around 11:30 p.m. Japan Standard Time.The rocket and its payload were integrated together inside the assembly building over the last few weeks.Once on the launch pad, the rocket was connected to propellant and power supplies to begin the countdown toward liftoff at 0305 GMT Saturday (11:05 p.m. EDT Friday; 12:05 p.m. JST Saturday).See our for the latest news on the mission.

  95. says

    Posted: September 21, 2006T-00:00LiftoffThe Delta 2 rocket’s main engine and twin vernier steering thrusters are started moments before launch. The six ground-start strap-on solid rocket motors are ignited at T-0 to begin the mission.T+01:03.1Ground SRM BurnoutThe six ground-start Alliant TechSystems-built solid rocket motors consume all their propellant and burn out.T+01:05.5Air-Lit SRM IgnitionThe three remaining solid rocket motors strapped to the Delta 2 rocket’s first stage are ignited.T+01:06.0Jettison Ground SRMsThe six spent ground-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned in sets of three to fall into the Atlantic Ocean.T+02:11.5Jettison Air-Lit SRMsHaving burned out, the three spent air-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned toward the Atlantic Ocean.T+04:23.4Main Engine CutoffAfter consuming its RP-1 fuel and liquid oxygen, the Rocketdyne RS-27A first stage main engine is shut down. The vernier engines cut off moments later.T+04:31.4Stage SeparationThe Delta rocket’s first stage is separated now, having completed its job. The spent stage will fall into the Atlantic Ocean.T+04:36.9Second Stage IgnitionWith the stage jettisoned, the rocket’s second stage takes over. The Aerojet AJ118-K liquid-fueled engine ignites for the first of two firings needed to place the upper stage and GPS 2R-15 satellite into the proper orbit.T+04:57.0Jettison Payload FairingThe 9.5-foot diameter payload fairing that protected the GPS 2R-15 satellite atop the Delta 2 during the atmospheric ascent is jettisoned is two halves.T+10:48.1Second Stage Cutoff 1The second stage engine shuts down to complete its first firing of the launch. The rocket and attached GPS 2R-15 spacecraft are now in a coast period before the second stage reignites. The orbit achieved should be 111 miles at apogee, 94 miles at perigee and inclined 37.5 degrees.T+62:29.2Second Stage RestartDelta’s second stage engine reignites for a brief firing that will raise the orbit’s high point.T+63:11.7Second Stage Cutoff 2The second stage shuts down. The orbit achieved should be 670 miles at apogee, 103 miles at perigee and inclined 37.95 degrees. Over the next minute, tiny thrusters on the side of the rocket will be fired to spin up the vehicle in preparation for stage separation.T+64:04.7Stage SeparationThe liquid-fueled second stage is jettisoned from the rest of the Delta 2 rocket.T+64:41.7Third Stage IgnitionThe Thiokol Star 48B solid-fueled third stage is ignited to deliver the GPS 2R-15 satellite into its intended orbit around Earth.T+66:08.4Third Stage BurnoutHaving used up all its solid-propellant, the third stage burns out to completed the powered phase of the launch sequence for GPS 2R-15.T+68:01.7GPS 2R-15 SeparationThe U.S. Air Force’s NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R-15 spacecraft is released into space. The Delta should have placed the satellite into a transfer orbit with a high point of 10,998 nautical miles and low point of 104 nautical miles inclined 40 degrees. The satellite will circularize its orbit and raise inclination to 55 degrees for joining the GPS constellation.Data source: Boeing.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.GPS 2R-16 launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

  96. says

    In this situation, it might pay for the husband to maximize his Social Security income by delaying the start of his benefits as long as possible, up to age 70. The reason: He’ll most likely die first, and after his death, his wife will receive the Social Security income he was receiving, which is higher than her own Social Security income.

  97. says

    Ma trapela anche l’amarezza: “Da due anni e mezzo aspettiamo che un giudice che apra quei moduli di firme false Gli eroi della spiaggia.ponctuelle Riri : “Je vais bientt tweeter le titre officiel de l’album ! craché ce n’est pas de la mégalomanie Giudizio non per?definitivamente

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